Today, airplanes are the fastest and one of the safest type of transport. Yes, that’s right, based on statistics, air travel is one of the safest among other types of transport. Of course, if a plane crash occurs, then, as a rule, it takes the lives of almost all people on board. But if to look at the statistics, it appears that airplanes occupy an honorable second place in the safety rating: 0.5 human deaths occur by 1.5 billion kilometers. Therefore, the fear of flights is absolutely causeless, since according to statistics, the probability of dying on an airplane at 70 times smaller than while riding a bike.
The airline industry is developing at a very rapid pace; every year, aircraft manufacturers introduce a huge amount of innovations into their products. For example, last year, Qantas company represented the world’s first direct link between Europe and Australia. It is important to understand that this is a 17-hour flight, which became possible only after decades of titanic work by Boeing and Airbus engineers. After all, keeping a huge plane in the air almost a day without refueling is not an easy task. To solve it, a huge number of innovations were introduced: the shape of the wings, stronger and lighter hull materials, etc.
It is worth noting that the solution of technical problems and the design of the exterior – this is only half the battle. To make such a long flight comfortable for passengers, design engineers also needed to completely redesign the interior of the aircraft. We are talking about wider and more comfortable armchairs, lamps with which it is possible to reprogram circadian rhythms, a ventilation system, the provision of high-speed Internet, etc.
Why are there such narrow seats on airplanes?
The fact is that in any airliner, every square centimeter of free space is literally at a premium. In order to minimize the cost of air travel (that is, to make more seats), the designers make the seats so narrow: in economy class, the across size of the seats is often less than 42 centimeters. But as practice shows, this width of the seats is not suitable for long flights. Specialists of the London Sleep Center attended a fairly large-scale study, which concluded that an increase in the width of the chairs even by a few centimeters improves the quality of sleep by 53%.
Also, to improve passenger comfort, airlines are working to increase legroom. There are several solutions to this problem, but the most obvious is the use of a thinner seat upholstery material.
Why is food so tasteless on airplanes?
The company Qantas has cooperated with professional nutritionists who have developed a menu for their longest flight (17 hours) London – Perth. The diet of passengers on this flight consists mostly of foods with a high liquid content: strawberries, cucumbers, lettuce, and celery. This is necessary in order to prevent dehydration and reduce fatigue from such a long flight.
During another long flight that lasts 18 hours (Singapore – New York), passengers are also offered products with low salt content, as well as a minimum amount of carbohydrates. At the moment, the airline is considering the option of replacing potatoes with cauliflower, which should positively affect the physical condition of passengers.
Why is there so little oxygen on planes?
Most likely you noticed that after long flights you feel sluggish and very tired. Probably this is due to the fact that on board the majority of modern airliners there is approximately the same rarefied air as at an altitude of 2 kilometers. In such conditions, the human heart and lungs work in a more intensive mode, which can cause migraines, fatigue, and nausea. The reduced pressure inside the aircraft is created artificially, this is necessary to reduce the load on weak places, such as windows and doors.
Now experts from Boeing and Airbus are working to strengthen the construction in new aircraft models, so this problem may be partially or fully solved in the future.
Why is Internet so slow on airplanes?
As a rule, during flights passengers are provided with a limited amount of traffic at very low speeds. At the moment, the maximum speed that passengers can receive is 15 Mbit/s. But Airbus specialists are now actively working in this direction and want to exceed this figure by several times. To do this, they use new communications satellites, as well as upgraded data transfer stations. Therefore, passengers will be able to enjoy high-speed Internet during flights in the near future.
Why are circadian clocks getting off?
Millions of years of evolution have developed a circadian clock in our organisms that is directly related to the cycles of light and darkness. Therefore, after long flights, people often start to confuse day and night. Because of this, passengers cannot be fully able to work on the first day after arrival. This is a problem, especially for businessmen who have to travel very often.
For this reason, many airlines are introducing an innovative strategy for full-color LED lighting during long flights. Bright colors imitate daylight, which does not allow a person to fall asleep, and warm tones, on the contrary, help to relaxation and deep sleep. Airbus specialists have developed more than 17 million different color combinations to more naturally simulate day and night. This technology helps to synchronize a person’s internal clock with the time zone of the place of arrival.
The cargo section in modern airliners is located in its “abdominal” part, as a rule. But It is worth noting that not all airlines completely load this space. Potentially, this area can be used to provide additional services to passengers during long flights. Presumably, it can be converted into anything (gym, game room, lounge area, a place for negotiations, hospital, etc.).
Based on the foregoing, it appears that in the foreseeable future, long intercontinental flights will be much more comfortable than they are now. And what do you lack on board airplanes most of all?
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