What is Fiat Money?

fiat money

Fiat money. What is that? Why people often use this term talking about digital currencies? Does it have something to do with well-known brand of Italian cars? We are here to provide you with answers! Today, The Coin Shark will tell what are those colored papers that we use to buy things, how fiat money appeared, what is the logic behind our current economy and money and how all these things deal with virtual currencies.

Content:
(please, click the topic to scroll down to it)

  1. What is fiat money?
  2. A brief history of fiat money
  3. Fiat and virtual currency
  4. Conclusion

1. What is fiat money?

We all deal with fiat money nearly everyday. Well, yep, today a huge number of financial transactions is cashless, whether we buy coffee, top up our phone, pay bills or trade currency on the exchange. This is especially true for the developed countries where cash seems to fade away over the medium term. However, we still use cash. Our pockets still make coin sound and we still have some colored papers in our wallets. And these are fiat money.

Money can be cash or cashless. Cash money include coins and banknotes. While coins are made of metals (or their alloys) – mostly gold, silver, copper, but also brass, zinc, platinum, palladium, etc., banknotes are in fact just colored pieces of paper. Yes, they have protective elements, watermarks and so on, but, nevertheless, banknotes have no physical value. “Fiat” is a Latin word for “decree”, “instruction”. So fiat money is a means of payment, that has a value established by the state. In other words, the value of fiat money is not based on the value of the material that they are made of. The paper used to print 100 dollars banknote certainly is not worth 100 dollars. However, the state determines the face value of this paper, and tells everyone that this piece of  paper should be worth 100, another one – 50, another one – 20 and another one – ten. So fiat is actually a symbolic money with no physical value that we are obliged to use as means of payment.

Fiat money is not only paper banknotes. There is also so-called token money or token coins. Their metal value is less than a legal value determined by the state. These are, for example, American coins with a nominal less than one dollar – daim (10 cents), quarter (25 cents) and half (50 cents).

2. A Brief History of Fiat Money

Monetary systems of ancient states and communities were often based on coins that had the same value that the amount of metal they were made from. However, there are also many examples of token coins. Those were often silver coins that were minted with the use of some other metals, thereby actually reducing the physical value of the coin, while its face value retained. Scientists agree that the first known paper money appeared in China in the 8th century. Later, their use developed under the rule of the Song dynasty in the 11th century, and they became widely spread during the Yuan dynasty (13-14 centuries), when the Mongols led by Genghis Khan’s grandson Kublai  conquered the Middle Kingdom.

Long after that fiat money close to those we have today started appearing in England. Bank of England started issuing paper banknotes. By that time banknotes already existed, however, they were not used as means of payment. In fact, they were bank bills that banks gave to depositors, taking a certain amount of money in gold coins. If that was not a nominal note, then it could pass from hand to hand and had no connected with its original owner. Later they became means of payment backed by an equivalent amount of gold. In such a system, the amount of money that was in circulation was equal to the amount of gold deposited in banks. But, as capitalist relations developed, England’s economy required bigger amount of money in circulation, so the central bank started issuing paper banknotes that were not backed by a supply of gold anymore. Nevertheless, in the middle of the 19th century, the government legislatively established the framework of such an issue. It was a certain ratio to the state’s gold reserve. Before World War I, there was a so-called gold coin standard – the amount of fiat money in circulation was provided by a certain number of gold coins stored in banks. Every banknote holder (every owner of fiat money) could potentially exchange their papers for an equivalent amount of gold. After World War I, most of the countries set a gold bullion standard, which meant that banknotes could be exchanged for gold bars weighing 12.5 kg. Everyone who had less money than the price of these amount of gold, had no opportunity to exchange their banknotes for the precious metal. However, banknotes were already backed by goods and circulated in the economy as a means of payment. In the new economic conditions that emerged after World War II, the gold bullion  standard was replaced by gold exchange standard. The United States played a key role there. The country pledged to back the US dollar with a particular amount of gold, given that hundreds of tons of it were accumulated in American vaults. According to that standard only financial regulators of other states had the right to demand the exchange, while the US dollar became a reserve currency. The era of the gold standard ended in the early 70’s, when the US government refused to provide gold at the request of other states. Since then, the international monetary system “was let float freely”. Today, currencies are no longer pegged against gold, they can be freely converted, and the market (supply and demand for a particular currency) plays a significant role in the establishment of exchange rates.

3. Fiat and virtual currency

Today the term “fiat money” is often used in the cryptocurrency community, and often opposed to digital coins. The state i s responsible for the issue of fiat money, it is carried out in a centralized manner by central banks and controlled by state bodies. The rate of fiat money is also set by the state. Cryptocurrency has been considered as an alternative to such centralized and regulated systems. Fiat transactions are managed by financial, tax, banking structures, while cryptocurrency transfers are carried out peer-to-peer without any regulators and intermediaries.

Fiat money and cryptocurrencies have one important common feature – both are not backed by anything. However, in fact, fiat is still backed by goods that can be bought for it. And here is the point where virtual coins have some problems. Even such major cryptocurrencies as Bitcoin or Ethereum still have low liquidity, while other digital coins cannot be used to purchase at least something at all.  Anyway, the cryptocurrency community is confident that this problem lies in the absence of mechanisms, while the demand for digital currencies is and will be rather high, so and their full fledged liquidity is a matter of time.

Today, cryptocurrencies still amount to a relatively small percentage of global assets and cannot compete with fiat money.


Source:https://howmuch.net/

4. Conclusion

So, fiat money is a currency that government agencies declare to be a legitimate means of payment and prescribe to use it at a fixed face value, despite the fact that it has no physical value. Almost all paper money, as well as many coins, are currently fiat money. Fiat is not backed by gold, and today the world economy is actually built on this principle. Cryptocurrency offers an alternative to fiat – decentralized and unregulated payment facilities. However the logic that cryptocurrency is based on is in a way similar to the one that fiat is based on. Unlike the old system, where payment means were pegged against gold, modern fiat money exists in the relatively free market paradigm. Cryptocurrencies went even further, eliminating those elements of strict regulation that remained in fiat money.

Anyway, there are different forecasts related to the future of digital currencies. The cryptocurrency financial system is only developing and can not yet compete with traditional economy and fiat money, of course. Will it be able to do so in the future? Well, the answer is “no” in the short term and “time will tell” in the long term.

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Elon Musk: Bitcoin Is Good, But Not For Tesla

Elon Musk has recently made a statement showing his attitude towards cryptocurrency and financial world as a whole. He supports Bitcoin, yet, it will not bring good for Tesla.

Elon Musk is a well-known technology entrepreneur and engineer with a fortune of $22.8 billion, he projects, like SpaceX, Tesla, PayPal, cover different areas of live, meanwhile they are competing to other companies at a high level. Musk is also a socially active person, he likes to post tweets sharing his thoughts about what is happening in the world. Though, sometimes it may bring consequences, like it was in July last year, when the SEC sent a request to Tesla regarding tweets of Elon Musk.

Furthermore, he freely expresses his attitude towards cryptocurrency. Once he even claimed how many Bitcoins he actually possessed. The Twitter community blowed up every time when Musk speaks about cryptocurrency. For instance, in October 2018, Elon posted a tweet about his love for anime and offered a subscriber to buy Bitcoins.

Twitter even blocked his account for a certain period of time to make sure he was the author. So, this time the world has gone mad, when Musk expressed his feelings about financial system and Bitcoin, in particular,  in the podcast “On the Road to Full Autonomy With Elon Musk.”

“Paper money is going away. Crypto is a far better way to transfer value than pieces of paper, that’s for sure,” he said. “Bitcoin’s structure is brilliant but I don’t think it would be a good use of Tesla’s resources to get involved in crypto.”

Furthermore, Musk added that Bitcoin has its pros and cons, yet, what he is really concerned about is crypto mining, to create one Bitcoin, people use high-powered computers to solve a complex math problem.

“We’re really just trying to accelerate the advance of sustainable energy, and I think one of the down sides of crypto is that computationally it’s quite energy intensive. There had to be some kind of constraints on the creation of crypto. But it’s very energy intensive to create slightly incremental Bitcoin, at this point.”

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Cryptocurrency Prices Today, February 20: Bitcoin Is Growing Steadily

Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, EOS, Litecoin, Cardano, Stellar, IOTA, Dash, Monero: Cryptocurrency Rate

According to the Coin360 online platform, Bitcoin (BTC) added 1.1% over the past 24 hours. The price at the time of writing is $3958 per coin.

Cryptocurrencies are in a stable green zone:

Bitcoin Cash added 0.46% over the past 24 hours and costs $145 per coin;

Ripple increased by 0.53% and its cost is $0.33;

EOS raised by 12% and its price is $3.95;

Litecoin grew by 6.5% and its price is $50;

Cardano plus 1.8% and its cost is $0.046;

Stellar increased by 4.7% and costs $0.091;

IOTA added 1.7% and its value is $0.30;

Dash grew by 0.3% and its price is $87;

Monero became more expensive by 1.1% and costs $52.

Over the past 24 hours, Ethereum has lost 0.17%. The coin rate is $146 per coin.

The total market capitalization is $135 billion. Bitcoin’s share is 51.7% of the total. In monetary terms, this is $69 billion.

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Interview with Marco Robinson: Bitcoin is the Best Performing Asset of All Time

Nowadays pretty much everyone has an opportunity to become a successful entrepreneur and investor. With the emergence of cryptocurrency and blockchain, perhaps it has become even more accessible.

Today, we invited to talk Marco Robinson a man who not only managed to become a world-famous investor, but also created a number of successful projects. An Award Winning Entrepreneur, Prime Time TV Star, Philanthropist, #1 Bestselling Author, Winner of the iProperty People’s Choice Awards Best Real Estate Company, World Renowned Property Investor, and Restaurateur he knows how to make money work for you better than anyone.

Hello, Marco. First of all, let’s discuss your success as an investor. At what point in your life did you start investing in real estate, and why this particular area was one of the first you chose?

I first invested in real estate fairly late in life at 40 years old after I had a great business success and had quite a bit of money I didn’t know what to do with.

It was an interesting time in 2009 as it was the subprime crisis, I discovered properties were very cheap especially in the USA, and I found that fascinating so I started to study what made Real Estate go up and go down and wondered why this happened continually…I got so into this I decided to write a book about property cycles and what made them do that and I developed an algorithm based on four main drivers that triggered property price increases, they were:

  1. Cycles (economic cycles) for example in the UK there is a proven 18-year cycle
  2. Population growth. (Rent prices and property increased basically supply and demand.
  3. Structure plan. (What they are gonna build in the area, for example, new manufacturing, schools, etc)
  4. Local and individual property taxes & including friendly states and governments (some taxes are so high you can easily get negative cash flow)

When did you first learn about the blockchain technology, and how did it help you in the development of your projects?

I was introduced to Bitcoin in 2015.

I saw as a real threat to the banking system which I liked very much and after some detailed research discovered it was a genuine reaction, I felt, to the US sub prime crisis which made 40 million people homeless. I loved the security of it and especially it’s decentralization, that it could not be shut down and the founder very cleverly could not be identified.

I was also looking for a loyalty solution to connect all my businesses including my restaurants, my cosmetics, my property, my travel, my education and film companies, a currency everybody could use that I could keep within my own eco-system, so I could keep my clients loyal and grow my client based with the best value proposition in the market place. That currency I created is called NAKED DOLLARS and is now listed on LATOKEN.

Besides NKD, what do you think about investments in cryptocurrency in general?

It’s a brand new sector and to be frank not even the end of day one yet. A lot of cowboys presented a fabulous whitepaper in 2016 and 2017 and made a fortune off speculation…2018 saw a massive correction and the crypto market lost 80% of its value in one year because of this and because not many people had a real product.

It is here to stay, only just yesterday JP MORGAN created their own cryptocurrency, governments are creating their own, they have to as the FIAT CASH currency system is not sustainable, a new debt system has to be created or the majority of the world will go bankrupt.

Bitcoin is the SAFEST currency in the world, it cannot be hacked, it has no founder, no company, no office, and no assets, yet it is the best performing asset of all time increasing 350,000% in ten years! You cannot ignore it at all!

Are there any startups in the cryptocurrency world which you have invested or would like to invest in?

There are very few I would because of the losses in 2018. New projects don’t just have to have great technology, they must have great founders with great track records in business and great profiles in terms of influence.

How do you feel about buying, for example, real estate for Bitcoin?

I’d rather keep the bitcoin it gives a higher return potentially. I would rather use other cryptocurrency like Ethereum to buy real estate.

However I also use a profit strategy, so when I make great profits in bitcoin I will buy real estate as real estate gives me great cash flow.

In what areas, do you think, the use of blockchain technology is necessary?

I think it’s critical in pretty much every industry to prove the origins of each product or service and the security of it, especially in supply chain businesses such as gold and diamond mining to supply to make sure they are not conflict diamonds etc. I also love the adoption to health and medicine, for example, if someone has an accident one drop of blood or even a thumbprint can track the entire medical history of that person in seconds and the perfect medication can be administered!

You are a well-known philanthropist and are famous for your good deeds for the homeless and the needy, because you know very well what it feels like to not have a home. Let’s talk about an 18-year-old teenage mother Holly, a part of the TV Show “Get a House for Free.” Have you thought about not just “giving a fish” to people, but also trying to “teach people to fish”, that is, to give the needy the knowledge of how to “get back on their feet”?

I’m already now doing that with FREEDOMX, www.freedomxmovement.org where I have created a new charity social impact program where the victims of homelessness are rewarded on a merit based philosophy: “I help you if you help someone else” this is CONDITIONAL ALTRUISM, so we only help them if they want to be helped and IF they want to be microfinanced for a coffee shop on a bicycle, for example, they have to be certified and trained which lowers risk and creates a new economy for people to thrive in.

In what areas besides real estate, restaurant business, TV-shows would you like to or plan to realize yourself?

I’m making my first Hollywood movie “legacy of lies” next month, I helped fund the whole movie and my profits will be going to help the homeless

You can see the trailer here:

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CryptoMining.Farm Scam: 30 Victims Lost $1.34 Million

Thirty people have filed complaints to Thailand’s Technology Crime Suppression Division stating that they were victims of crypto mining scam, they allegedly lost 42 million baht ($1.34 million). The police thinks that the amount of victims can be bigger.

According to the victims’ words, the leaders of the scam convinced them to invest money into CryptoMining.Farm, a blockchain-mining website. One anonymous victim said to the Bangkok Post that one of the leaders promised investor an impossibly high return – 70% a year.

The victims signed contracts when they entered the website, the documents said that a customer may withdraw money at any time he/she wanted without any additional condition. However, the situation has changed since August. The victim stated that:

“From August the owner began imposing conditions for withdrawing the money. Then at the start of this month, the site announced it would start paying back investors in 84 installments which would take over seven years to complete. The payments were supposed to be made in foreign currencies [which] is not permitted by Thai laws.”

After a preliminary investigation, the police is sure that not 30, but 140 people became victims of the scam. Moreover, it can be related to a big scandal which happened in August 2018, when a popular Thai actor and his siblings stole about 797 million baht ($25.5 million).

According to the Bangkok Post, the company has two official offices in Bangkok and Chiang Mai, which may make the victims think that the company’s operations are legal.

Thailand treats digital money with caution and tries to regulate it. The Thai Ministry of Finance even issued a document last year where all the country’s cryptocurrency activities were regulated, including the taxation of participants of crypto market.

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Cryptocurrency Prices Today, February 19: EOS Has Increased By More Than 20%, BTC Approaches At $4000

Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, EOS, Litecoin, Cardano, Stellar, IOTA, Dash, Monero: Cryptocurrency Rate

According to the Coingecko online platform, Bitcoin (BTC) added 4.1% over the past 24 hours. The price at the time of writing is $3896 per coin.

Cryptocurrencies are growing rapidly:

Bitcoin Cash added 11% over the past 24 hours and costs $145 per coin;

Ripple increased by 8% and costs $0.33;

EOS raised by 21% and its price is $3.57;

Litecoin grew by 6% and its value is $47;

Cardano plus  7% and costs $0.046;

Stellar fell by  9% and its price is $0.087;

IOTA added 7% and its cost is $0.30;

Dash raised by  8% and its price is $87;

Monero became more expensive by 5% and costs $51.

Over the past 24 hours, Ethereum has added 5.6%. The coin rate is $146 per coin.

The total market capitalization is $132 billion. Bitcoin’s share is 51.8% of the total. In monetary terms, it is $68 billion.

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The List of Bitcoin Mainstream Trends Which Will Dominate in 2019

Bitcoin is one of the most famous cryptocurrencies in the world. It is actually the first one, thus, no matter what might be, it has already gone down in history. Even though the cryptocurrency may not be that popular right now, due to various reason, some changes are already inevitable, hence, let us just check on trends which will become a part of everyday life in 2019.

1. Bitcoin ATMs

The number of Bitcoin ATMs is growing rapidly. It is a kiosk which allows a person to buy/sell Bitcoins in cash or by credit card. They actually look like an ordinary terminal, yet, it is connected not to bank account, but to Bitcoin exchange. The number of Bitcoin ATMs in the world accounts for 4292 at the time of writing.

Source: www.statista.com

Such ATMs will definitely encourage people to use cryptocurrency, since now it becomes more understandable for ordinary people. If people get accustomed to use Bitcoin ATMs, then crypto will see a bright future.

2. Central banks and Bitcoin

Some people do not want to get involved in crypto as it lacks regulation, including bank regulation. However, in 2019, one of Bitcoin trends may become partnership between central banks and cryptocurrency.

Several banks have already introduced systems how to work with crypto. Bank of America, for example, has officially patented a system for saving crypto actives for significant corporations. Moreover, this week, one of the biggest American banks, JPMorgan Chase & Co, has announced that it developed its own digital coin – JPM Coin.

Perhaps, such implementations will bring positive effect on the relationships between crypto and financial institutions.

3. Bitcoin in smartphones

Since the beginning of the third millennium, a cell phone has become an integral part of our everyday life. By using a smartphone we can do almost everything that is connected to our work, study, leisure, or hobby. Financial transactions, including crypto operations, are no exception.

On May, 2018, Huawei Technologies Corporation provided users of its smartphones with the opportunity to use Bitcoin wallet BTC.com. At the end of the past year, HTC company released the smartphone Exodus, powered by blockchain. A person can only purchase the phone with digital currencies.

It is too early to say whether these phones will be successful and useful or not, yet still it is very important that world is trying to meet the needs of everyone.

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