Which Countries is The Cryptocurrency Taxed In?

Cryptocurrency Taxed

The cryptocurrency industry is still at a very early stage of its development, so there are no single international rules yet. The governments of individual countries independently try to regulate digital assets. The tax on the cryptocurrency varies in different countries. Within the framework of this article, we will try to touch on how this situation is in the countries with the leading economy in the world.

USA

It is quite an expected fact that the legislative base in this country is better developed than anywhere on the planet. Since the distant 2014, Bitcoin is considered a property in the United States. On the first day of 2018, the revenue service changed the rules somehow: henceforth no total capital increase is imposed on the tax, but literally every operation is.

If giving specific figures, the payment of taxes on the cryptocurrency in the US is as follows:

  • income tax is from 10% to 37%, such a plug depends directly on the specific income that was received as a result of the growth of the asset;
  • the possession of a cryptocurrency for over 12 months is additionally taxed at 24%, based on a long-term tax.

It is noteworthy that in some states taxes can be paid through the coins themselves.

Russia

In the first quarter of 2018, a rather “raw” bill was submitted to the State Duma, which had not even been considered by the deputies. So, at the moment the taxation of digital assets has not yet been formed in Russia. Another “white spot” of this draft law is the lack of tracking of miners. For this reason, it is not entirely clear how the state will monitor the fulfillment of tax obligations.

Germany

In Germany, the issue of taxation of digital coins was first raised in 2013. Then digital coins in this country were recognized as one of the varieties of financial assets. The profit is subject to an income tax of 25%, but it is paid only if this profit was received within 12 months from the date of purchase of the coins. That is, if you sell assets in more than a year, then this operation will be treated solely as a private transaction.

Japan

From the second quarter of 2017 Bitcoin and other digital coins in the country of the Rising Sun have been regarded as a full legal tender. For this reason, the state does not oblige its citizens to pay taxes for any operations with them.

Singapore

The government drew attention to the issue of taxation of the cryptocurrency from the preliminary filing of one of the market players. The fact is that in 2014 representatives of the company Coin Republic independently sent a request to the tax agency so that the latter settled this issue. If a taxpayer has an investment cryptocurrency portfolio as a secondary income, then, in this case, he is not subject to an additional tax. But if the investment is the main or the only way to earn money, then corporate income tax is applied to profits. A little lifehack: if a company that is registered on the territory of Singapore conducts cryptocurrency transactions through exchanges of other countries, then such transactions are not taxed.

India

In 2017, there were battles in this country about the recognition of cryptocurrency in general. The issue of a complete ban on digital coins was on the agenda. But the bullish trend of last year and the ability of the state to raise additional funds to the treasury played a role. There is no specific legislative base yet, this issue is still under consideration.

Israel

Digital coins have received the status of physical goods in Israel. Any activity (mining or trading on the stock exchange) is considered a business, the profit of which is taxed. If you buy anything for the cryptocurrency, then it is considered as barter. Sales of cryptocurrency are taxed to increase the total capital.

South Korea

This field is a rather complicated situation in this state. The conduct of the ICO is prohibited, and the legislative base on tax issues is only at the stage of discussion.

Australia

In this country, the tax agency collects taxes both on income in digital currency and for each transaction with it. One of the not so pleasant features of Australia was the presence of double taxation in the exchange for fiat and back, but relatively recently it was removed.

Canada

In Canada, digital coins are considered a product. Any acquisitions that have been made through cryptocurrency are barter. The tax is levied only on capital gains.

EU

In general, in the euro-zone, cryptocurrencies are regarded as full-fledged currencies. And there are small branches already within the limits of the separate states of participants.

Conclusion

The governments of the countries listed above quite differently classify such an asset as cryptocurrencies. Each country has its own legislative base, which taxpayers must consider with.

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“There Is No Need”: Japan Refuted Rumours About Approval of Bitcoin ETF

Some services including Bloomberg reported several days ago that Japan considered a possibility of the approval of a Bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF). It allegedly would be used as an alternative to Bitcoin futures.

However, the representative of the FSA claimed that Japan was not considering of giving green light to the Bitcoin ETFs, saying:

“There is no such fact that we are considering approving ETFs which track crypto-assets at present. We are not currently considering approving them.”

The necessity of approving them may lie in decreasing the risk of price manipulation on the Japan market. Nevertheless, the FSA spokesman stated that there was no need of any cryptocurrency-related derivatives for now in Japan expressing its negative attitude towards both crypto ETFs and futures products.

He said: “Taken it into consideration that it is difficult for us to find constructive and social significance of trading crypto-assets derivatives at present, we think that there is no need for trading crypto-assets derivatives at financial instruments exchanges where many market participants are able to trade.”

We remind you:

SEC Will Release the Decision on Bitcoin ETF in February

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The CEO of Circle Believes That a Clearer Policy of the SEC Will Cure the Crypto Industry

The CEO of the project Circle, backed up by the major bank Goldman Sachs, Jeremy Allaire started a thread on Reddit together with his co-workers, where they debated the accomplishments of the company in the recent time, talked about prospects for the future and discussed the overall situation on the crypto market.

According to the representatives of Circle, one of the main issues with crypto in the US is the lack of regulatory framework and, most importantly, the inability of the Securities and Exchange Commission to clearly define cryptocurrencies as belonging to a particular type of assets.

We remind you:

The SEC: Unlike ICO Tokens, Bitcoin and Ethereum Can Not Be Securities

There absolutely needs to be more regulatory clarity to really make this fly — in particular around who can issue these, how they can be stored and transmitted, and what markets can allow their trading. There’s a lot of attention on this and we absolutely expect to see these issues resolved and for far more real world experiments to hit the markets this year,” said Jeremy Allaire.

Also, the CEO of Circle claimed that the US should follow the example of France and have a separate kind of taxation for crypto-to-crypto transactions.

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Two European Finance Regulators Urge the EU To Adopt Crypto and ICO Rules

Cryptocurrency and ICO regulations have been an open topic in Europe for quite a long period of time. Some finance regulators claim that it is high time the European Commission determined the place of crypto and ICO in European economy.

The European Banking Authority (EBA) stated that the current crypto asset-related activities did not comply with the EU financial laws, so that The EBA urged the EU to look into the crypto rules and identify what actions may be required at the EU level.

The representative of the EBA said:

“The EBA’s warnings to consumers and institutions on virtual currencies remain valid. The EBA calls on the European Commission to assess whether regulatory action is needed to achieve a common EU approach to crypto-assets. The EBA continues to monitor market developments from a prudential and consumer perspective.”

Moreover, the EBA advised to use the FATF’s recommendations. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is to issue a set of recommendations for crypto-related action in June 2019.

Another finance regulator, which supports the EBA, is the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA). It released a report which helps the authorities of the EU to make decisions on rules applied to crypto and ICO.

The spokesman of the ESMA said:

“Our survey of NCAs highlighted that some crypto-assets may qualify as MiFID financial instruments, in which case the full set of EU financial rules would apply. However, because the existing rules were not designed with these instruments in mind, NCAs face challenges in interpreting the existing requirements and certain requirements are not adapted to the specific characteristics of crypto-assets.”

We remind you

Seven EU Member States United To Adopt Blockchain In Their Countries

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How to Get Bitcoin And How Profitable is Mining in 2019

Appearance of Bitcoin has marked the beginning of a new era in development and dissemination of money. 2018 became a crucial point for cryptocurrencies. In this article we will talk more about Bitcoin mining, find out what is needed and how to earn from it.

1. What is Bitcoin mining?

BTC mining is carried out with the help of specialized computer equipment, so-called Bitcoin farms. In order to open a new block, the miners resolve complex mathematical problems, for which the network rewards them with X number of coins.

Bitcoin algorithm is designed in such way, that every 210 thousand blocks the reward decreases exactly by twice. At the very beginning, miners received 50 coins for each new block, then this number was reduced to 25, and now this value is 12.5 BTC.

2. What are the ways to get Bitcoins?

Bitcoin is the most popular cryptocurrency in the world, many people would like to become its lucky owner. Here are some ways to do it:

– Bitcoin faucets. This is an absolutely free method to get coins. It lies in performing various simple tasks, such as decoding and entering captchas, clicks on advertising links, browsing advertisers` websites, etc. This work is absolutely simple, but it requires  patience. We want to remind you, that reward for such work is purely tokenistic and it is not possible to earn decent money from Bitcoin faucets.

– Mining. This method means investment into equipment. It can be completely different: you can organize home mining on graphics cards spending 2-3 thousand US dollars on it, or you can build a huge data center by investing hundreds of millions of US dollars into this enterprise. Thus the income should be directly proportional to the initial investment. Unfortunately, today cryptocurrency is so volatile that it is impossible to calculate how much profit Bitcoin mining will bring in 2019.

– Salary in crypto. Nowadays, the fact of getting salary in cryptocurrency is no longer supernatural. Yes, it is still uncommon, but it is far from single instance.

– Purchase. The most obvious way to get cryptocurrency is to purchase it. Nowadays, you can buy Bitcoin using a large number of services (exchanges, currency exchange offices, individuals, etc.).

3. What is needed in order to start BTC home mining ?

In general, this is rather a broad theme, but in this article we will only briefly run through the main points, without which home mining is impossible. So you need to:

  1. Buy equipment for mining (graphic cards or ASIC miners).
  2. Create a Bitcoin wallet. Without this it will be impossible to get coins.
  3. Select a mining pool. Nowadays the hash rate (total computing power of all the miners) of Bitcoin network is really huge, that is why the algorithm constantly increases its overall complexity. This is why it will be very difficult for one miner to open a new block even with sufficiently powerful equipment.
  4. Install a special software for mining.
  5. Follow the process and, if necessary, repair or replace the components.

You should also remember that mining equipment (especially ASIC-miners) make a noise and heat up while working, therefore installment of farms in a residential house is not a good idea.

4. What is cloud mining?

There is another way to start mining Bitcoins. This is a cloud mining. It does not involve physical contact of person with equipment. A user buys a certain amount of computing power at a large data center and immediately starts to get income from it. So, how is it better to mine Bitcoin, on your own or using cloud? Everyone will find his own answer. Definitely, profit of home mining will be higher, but cloud mining will ease your pain associated with farm maintenance. Someone is willing to pay for his or her comfort, but another one would prefer to do everything by independently, therefore, everyone decides on one’s own.

5. Which video adapters work best for Bitcoin mining?

Each particular video adapter has its own payback period, which directly depends on what is happening on the cryptocurrency market. 2019 has just started, so here is the list of the most cost-effective video adapters for BTC mining in 2018:

  • NVIDIA GTX 1080 TI.
  • NVIDIA GTX 1070 TI.
  • NVIDIA GTX 1070.
  • RADEON VEGA FRONTIER EDITION.
  • RADEON RX VEGA 56.
  • RADEON MINING RX 470.
  • NVIDIA P106-100 (GEFORCE GTX 1060).

6. How to calculate Bitcoin mining correctly?

Bitcoin rate is very volatile, network hash rate is also unstable, so, it is almost impossible to calculate exactly the mining profit. But there are convenient calculators which will help you to find out at least approximate numbers.

7. What does BTC rate depend on and what will happen next?

Bitcoin price varies in the trading range of USD 4000.00. Bitcoin emission is limited and it amounts to 21 million coins. Over 17 million ones have already been mined. But it is necessary to recall a double decrease in the remuneration for a found block, which occurs every 4 years. It is easy to calculate that over the next 30 years, more than 99% of all coins will be mined, and the remaining 1% will be mined over the next 100 years.

According to the laws of economics, this feature makes Bitcoin a very valuable and, most importantly, a limited resource. Now Bitcoin capitalization is about 70 billion US dollars, and it is absolutely a wasted number from the world scale perspective. Many market experts predict a great future for this coin, for example, John McAfee believes that 1 Bitcoin by December 2020 will be USD 1,000,000.00.

If to take a look at Bitcoin chart for the entire history, one can see approximately the same picture of what is happening: rapid growth, prolonged correction, stagnation after which the cycle repeats. Moreover, every time during the correction, the media “buries” Bitcoin, and the coin after some time again renews its previous records.

8. Conclusion

Bitcoin mining, as of the beginning of 2019, is not a very profit-making enterprise without major initial investment. Bitcoin mining should be considered more like an investment for the future, when BTC becomes a very scarce asset and its value can literally skyrocket. Well, we cannot do anything but wait and actively monitor the developments.

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The Dark Overlord Threatens To Reveal The Truth of 9/11 Attacks Unless Ransom in Bitcoin is Paid

The Dark Overlord, a hacking group, famous for posting unreleased episode of TV series “Orange is the New Black” in April 2017, decided to resume its blackmailing, however, this time it is not just an entertainment company Netflix, but insurance companies which possess information about 9/11 attacks.

The hackers claimed that they had hacked several insurance firms, like Hiscox Syndicates Ltd, Lloyds of London, and Silverstein Properties. These companies insured World Trade Centers in New York. It is still unclear what kind of information was stolen, but the culprits are trying to capitalize on conspiracy theories around the 9/11 attacks.

We’ll be providing many answers about 9.11 conspiracies through our 18.000 secret documents leak from @HiscoxComms and others #thedarkoverlord #911hacked#hacking #leak #cybercrime
            — thedarkoverlord (@tdo_h4ck3rs) December 31, 2018

One of the companies confirmed that the hackers had breached and stolen a few files related to the the September 11 attacks. The spokesman of the Hiscox Group wrote in email:

“The law firm’s systems are not connected to Hiscox’s IT infrastructure and Hiscox’s own systems were unaffected by this incident. One of the cases the law firm handled for Hiscox and other insurers related to litigation arising from the events of 9/11, and we believe that information relating to this was stolen during that breach.”

The hacking group sent a set of emails to that firms where it stated that the companies had to pay ransom in Bitcoin or The Dark Overlord unlocked different sets of files and the hidden truth of 9/11 attacks would be exposed.

They also mentioned that they offered to sell the information on the famous dark web hacker forum KickAss, as well as invited several Chinese and Russian terrorist groups to make purchase.

We remind you

Crypto Will Hardly Ever Sponsor Terrorist Attacks Like 9/11

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The “Fatal 2018” or The Most Important Events Of The Year

The digital coins market shows a negative trend throughout the year 2018. Compared to the historical maximum, the total cryptocurrency market cap has decreased by almost 8 times. The cryptocurrency market shows a negative trend throughout 2018. During the year, news of the cryptocurrency market that are actively discussed in media, have a negative meaning. Let us recall the most important events that occurred on the cryptocurrency market.

Content:
(please, click the topic to scroll down to it)

  1. Banking system against digital coins
  2. Internet restrictions
  3. Bitcoin ETF
  4. Formation of legislation
  5. Attracting of institutional investors
  6. Active development of the OTC market
  7. ICO Market Growth
  8. Cryptocurrency companies entering the IPO market
  9. Integration of financial conglomerates
  10. Integration with Internet companies
  11. Conclusion

1. Banking system against digital coins

At the very beginning of 2018, traditional financial institutions began to limit the capabilities of participants in the cryptocurrency market. A large number of fairly large banks around the world began to close the accounts of companies whose activities are related to cryptocurrency. We may also recall the decision of Visa to terminate cooperation with major European companies. All this adversely affected cryptocurrency companies. But it is worth noting that the restrictions of banks affected not only legal entities, along with this ordinary customers also lost an opportunity to buy cryptocurrency through their credit and debit cards.

A similar policy of the Reserve Bank of India led to the fact that local cryptocurrency platforms closed crypto-fiat trade. In the middle of autumn, Zebpay cryptocurrency exchange was forced to close the cryptocurrency exchange service. A similar situation happened in Zimbabwe, but cryptocurrency companies were able to challenge this decision with the help of the Supreme Court of the country.

Such policy of traditional financial sector representatives speaks only of their concern and desire to get rid of a potential competitor. If to analyze the cryptocurrency market, it becomes obvious that this industry is developing too fast. This makes the financial giants to tremble with fear and uncertainty about the future. This event played a big role in crypto market cap lowering.

2. Internet restrictions

Another damage to the cryptocurrency industry in 2018 was caused by the largest Internet companies: Google, Twitter, Facebook, Baidu, Alibaba, WeChat, Yandex, etc. All of the above mentioned information giants banned the promotion of cryptocurrency and ICO on their sites. This decision caused corresponding consequences, namely, undermined confidence towards the industry, and also cryptocurrency market capitalization decrease. Mining applications were blocked in App Store.

The Internet giant’s representatives explained their decision by the fact that there is a huge number of scammers in the cryptocurrency industry, which trusting users should be protected from. However, just a few months later, Facebook and Google reconsidered their decision and partially canceled it.

3. Bitcoin ETF

One of the most discussed topics in the industry since mid-summer of 2018 is the possible launch of Bitcoin ETF. The fact is that the situation in the cryptocurrency market strongly depends on the SEC decision. We remind you that cryptocurrency market value growth, which occurred in November-December, was caused by the launch of futures at CBOE and CME. Many experts believe that the launch of ETF will be a much more powerful event than the last year’s futures.

But the situation that has developed around this issue is quite controversial. On the one hand, the SEC does not deny the possibility of giving permission to launch Bitcoin ETF. But on the other hand, The United States Securities and Exchange Commission rejects all applicants (or postpones the date of consideration) who submitted the application during the year. The staff of the SEC explain their reasons quite uncertainty.

It is worth mentioning that during 2018 a lot of funds and exchanges have submitted their applications: ITS, Direxion, VanEck, Winklevoss Bitcoin Trust, ProShares, SolidX, etc.

Based on the latest data, the Securities Commission must make a final decision on the ETF before February 27, 2019.

We want to remind you:

SEC Will Release the Decision on Bitcoin ETF in February

4. Formation of legislation

The cryptocurrency market`s fall, which began in early 2018, was caused by many reasons, one of them is the lack of a legislative base. In other words, at the moment the cryptocurrency market is not regulated at all. Just this year, a large number of changes were to occur in this matter. But, unfortunately, everything happened not the way it was expected.

It is worth noting that this year many countries of the world drafted bills, that in one way or another dealt with cryptocurrencies. Some states limited the presence of digital coins on their territory due to the complexity of regulation. Others, on the contrary, encouraged and developed this direction in every way. For example, on July 4, 2018, blockchain technology was officially legalized in Malta for the first time in the world.

At the end of the winter, the German authorities signed a law under which Bitcoin equated to legal means of payment and was thus released from taxation.

This year was the first time in the history of the industry, when the regulation of cryptocurrency was discussed at the highest international level. For example, the mechanisms for regulating the industry became an agenda at the G20 meeting. It was decided to postpone this topic till October, but no one has returned to it thoroughly so far. This also had a negative effect on the cryptocurrency ranking.

5. Attracting of institutional investors

This year, for the first time the entry of large players into the market was seriously discussed. The interest of institutional investors in cryptocurrency assets is confirmed by a survey of an independent consulting company Capgemini:

  • 44% of the surveyed large capital owners are interested in cryptocurrency investments;
  • 29% of the surveyed large capital owners showed high interest;
  • 27% of the surveyed large capital owners expressed moderate interest.

Another interview, which was conducted by an independent consulting company DeVere Group, says that almost 40% of large business owners want to see a list of cryptocurrencies by market cap in their investment portfolios.

6. Active development of the OTC market

The situation on the cryptocurrency market today is as follows (according to CoinMarketCap):

  • market capitalization of 130 billion dollars;
  • 24h trading volume is about 16 billion dollars.

The situation is not the best, to say the least of it. But it is worth noting that the second mark is not entirely correct. The fact is that we see only turnovers that relate to stock trading. According to the company TABB Group, the UTS trading market is approximately 2-3 times higher than the stock index. It should be noted that such transactions cannot be traced when dealing with blockchain, since private keys from wallets are transferred more often than coins.

There is a sufficient number of large players in the cryptocurrency market (large miners, investors, ICO organizers, etc.), who cannot satisfy their demand with the help of exchanges. More and more OTC platforms began to appear due to the growing demand in the industry.

7. ICO Market Growth

Even regardless of depressing mood on the cryptocurrency market, the number of ICO held in 2018 is much more than in 2017: more precisely, 741 vs 514. The amount of raised funds also grew: $18.16 billion vs $6.89 billion.

The most discussed project of this year was undoubtedly TON from Pavel Durov, who managed to attract $1.7 billion. These funds were obtained even without public ICO, and Durov had to refuse from the overwhelming majority of those who wanted to invest in his brainchild.

But if to consider the amount of collected money, the undoubted leader is the EOS project, which managed to raise about 4.2 billion dollars. This mark is the best not only in this year, but also in the entire history of the industry as a whole.

But even such major events as EOS or TON could not help a fading interest of people to invest in cryptocurrency at the stage of the initial coin offering. The situation is caused by a general decrease in the capitalization of the cryptocurrency market in 2018. Because of the downtrend on the market, the vast majority of coins now cost less than at the ICO stage.

8. Cryptocurrency companies entering the IPO market

ICO is certainly a rather convenient way to raise capital, but despite this, many cryptocurrency companies expressed their interest in entering the more traditional IPO market. The initial public offering or IPO is regulated by the SEC. Investors are more protected there and this fact attracts people with large capital.

As of the beginning of December 2018, only one company successfully conducted its own IPO, all the others did not go further than applications or plans announcement for the future so far. In August of this year, there was an initial public offering of Argo Mining Company. It works in a cloud mining field. The company’s results are quite good, it managed to raise $32.5 million during IPO.

9. Integration of financial conglomerates

As we wrote above, some large financial institutions have limited the cryptocurrency industry development by their policies. But it does not concern absolutely all financial conglomerates of the planet. In parallel with the collapse of the cryptocurrency market (financially), we can observe the world’s largest banks integration into the industry (Goldman Sachs, HSBC, Barklays, etc.).

At the very beginning of the year, Goldman Sachs, with the help of a startup Circle, bought one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges Poloniex. The official sum of this transaction was not disclosed, but according to analysts’ estimates, such a purchase costed them about $400 million. It is worth noting that, Goldman Sachs invested $136 million in a startup Circle before acquiring Poloniex.

In early autumn the largest financial conglomerate of the land of the rising sun (Japan) Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group started its own MUFG coin in a test mode. If the test is successful, then the representatives of MUFG promise to introduce it into their own payment system.

The Bank of America and other major financial institutions owners in the world got curious in Technology Ripple (xCurrent), which helps banks to save about $3 on each transaction. This year, a number of major banks and the Ripple company signed cooperation agreement. It was highly expected, because xCurrent technology allows banks to save tens of millions dollar a year.

10. Integration with Internet companies

Along with the negative news background that accompanies the cryptocurrency industry throughout the year, an increasing number of Internet companies are trying to integrate digital coins into their product. For example, a few months ago, the Opera browser for Android released support for a built-in cryptocurrency wallet. At the moment, this wallet supports only ERC-20 and ERC-271 tokens, but the developers promise to add support for new types of digital coins in the near future. If to follow the news, it is easy to notice how the above mentioned  event is connected with Bitmain Company`s purchase of 3% of Opera Ltd in the amount of about $50 million (Bitmain Company is the largest manufacturer of network equipment for mining).

The cryptocurrency browser Brave shows good download dynamics: more than 5 million installations over the past six months. This number can be explained by a good program to attract new users, which was launched by the Brave developers. The browser charges 25 BAT for every 2 months of use. That is, for 1 year, you can accumulate 150 BAT, and for 2 years, 300 BAT. At today’s prices, it costs approximately $25 a year, but BAT is rated as one of the most promising coins of the next bull market. According to various estimates, it will enterTOP-10 and grow by from 30 to 50 times. That means, by using this browser it is possible to get from 1,000 to 2,000 dollars in a couple of years.

11. Conclusion

The cryptocurrency market today is experiencing a downtrend. Market capitalization has decreased by almost 8 times, compared with the peak values ​​of this year. As you can see, the general news background is negative this year. But it is worth noting that along with this, the infrastructure in the industry is actively developing, and new institutional investors are coming to the market. The forecast of the cryptocurrency market is not quite clear, but major experts believe that there are still many ups and falls ahead of us.

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