What is Ethereum Address (ETH address)?

This information will be useful for those readers who are the beginning of their way in the cryptocurrency world. In this article we will talk about such concept as Ethereum address, find out what it is necessary for, where you can find it and see it. So let’s get started.

Contents:
(please, click the topic to scroll down to it)

  1. What is Ethereum address and what is it for?
  2. Difference between online and offline addresses
  3. Conclusion

1. What is Ethereum address and what is it necessary for?

To begin with, it should be noted that Ethereum is the second most popular and capitalized coin. It has significant differences from the flagship of the industry with a good sense of the word. Ethereum has a more advanced technological base. For example, Bitcoin, in fact, is only a payment system, and on the basis of Ethereum you can create your own coins and smart contracts. Ethereum is a platform from which, potentially, a great number of companies and individuals can operate.

So, we are over with the introductory part, now let’s get to the essence of today’s question. ETH address is a certain unique set of letters and numbers, with a help of which a specific wallet can be identified. It is necessary to transfer coins from one wallet to another. It can be easily shared, since knowing it doesn’t reveal any important information about the owner and the state of balance.

Only the owner can receive the address. To get it you have to run the wallet application on a computer or mobile device. Without any doubt, in the interface of any crypto wallet program (there is a large number of services for storing Ethereum) you will find a special button that will automatically generate the wallet address.

2. The difference between online and offline addresses

If you are just starting your crypto journey, then you probably do not know that there are different types of digital wallets. We will dig into this topic too deeply, but just describe the main points. More information about the classification of wallets can be found on our website. So, the wallets can be:

  • Online. These include web-wallets and personal accounts that are on the exchanges. This is the most insecure, but the most convenient way to store and exchange coins.
  • Desktop and mobile apps. These are so-called hot wallets. They are more secure than online solutions, but with their help it is no longer possible to make transfers so quickly.
  • Hardware wallets. They are the safest way to store coins, since it is virtually impossible to hack them and get access to assets. But they are very inconvenient for every day use. This type of wallet is ideal for long-term storage.

So, you can get an Ethereum address both online and conditionally offline, on a desktop or mobile wallet application. Сonditionally offline, because even if the wallet is physically located on the computer, you need access to the Internet to work correctly. There is no principal difference between online and offline addresses, the only thing is that coins will arrive either on an online wallet, or on a desktop or mobile application.

It is very important to use only official wallets for storing ETH or any other coin. Since they are best optimized for work with this or that blockchain, and also have more advanced level of security than a service that was developed by third-party developers.

3. Conclusion

Everything about cryptocurrency topic seems so complicated, but this is only at first glance. Of course, the wilds of cryptography and the operation of algorithms are not easy, but for ordinary users such information is absolutely useless. The knowledge that is necessary in order to use cryptocurrencies can be obtained by any average person in the shortest time possible .

So, in this article, we discussed what Ethereum address is and found out that this is only the identifier of a certain wallet and is needed to transfer coins from one account to another.

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“51% Attack” Hit Ethereum Classic: A Full Analysis Of The Process

As we have reported earlier, Ethereum Classic was hit by 51% attack, it means that hackers obtained more than 50% of network’s mining hashrate.

A Malicious “51% Attack” Hit Ethereum Classic, The Loss Allegedly Accounts For $460 000

Slowmist, Chinese-based blockchain journal, has released a full report on the attack. The earliest hit occured on January 5, the culprit hacked some exchanges, like Bitrue, Coinbase, Gate.io, however, this was noticed only two days later.

The first action was a transfer of more than 5000 ETC from Binance to the criminal’s address 0x24fdd25367e4a7ae25eef779652d5f1b336e31da. This amount of coins moved to a mining node, that created block 7254355. After that, the hacker deposited 4000 ETC to Bitrue exchange in block 7254430, yet, this transaction vanished from the Ethereum Classic chain. Another 9000 ETC was stolen in the same way. The Bitrue address 0x2c9a81a120d11a4c2db041d4ec377a4c6c401e69 no longer exists, and the official history is clear. Though, Bitrue managed to save some records:

The scheme of the hacker attack is simple:

  • make a deposit;
  • withdraw to a safe address;
  • to double coins – just move the coins to other addresses.

One of the biggests victims is Coinbase exchange. It was estimated that the loss from the attack accounts for $1 million. The above-mentioned report also provides the information about two attacker addresses which were blackmailed by Coinbase later. They are:

– 0x090a4a238db45d9348cb89a356ca5aba89c75256
0x07ebd5b21636f089311b1ae720e3c7df026dfd72

In Twitter, one of users (nickname: @OGBTC) claimed that he knew the culprit personally.

https://twitter.com/OGBTC/status/1082559086070136832

Another user (nickname: @sebseb7) indicated that it was he who knew the hacker.

The “51% Attack” is over for now. All we can do is to estimate the losses and to take measures so that it will not happen again.

The report also stated:

“[W]e recommend that all digital asset services platform block transfers from the above malicious wallet addresses. And strengthen the risk control, maintain a high degree of attention, and be alert to double spend attacks that may erupt at any time.”

We remind you:

The Dark Overlord Threatens To Reveal The Truth of 9/11 Attacks Unless Ransom in Bitcoin is Paid

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What is STO and Why Is It Going to Replace ICO in a Near Future

During the last couple years the crowdfunding market began to develop rapidly. ICO or initial coin offering – is not only a very convenient way of raising capital for further project’s development, but also a very profitable investment tool. But there are many troubles on this market, which need a solution. In this article we will talk about a new type of crowdfunding on the cryptocurrency market (STO), find out how it differs from the ICO and what is its future.

1. The main problems of ICO

So as it was mentioned before, the ICO reputation suffered during 2017 – 2018 years. The sad statistics indicates that the vast majority of cryptocurrency startups that conducted public ICO, failed. There are many scammers on this market, whose activities are aimed only at personal enrichment. In 2018 general investments in ICO amounted to more than 18 billion dollars, and by the end of the year all projects brought only losses and frustration to their investors. Because of this, the regulators began to actively monitor start-ups that raise their capital through crowdfunding.

Users can purchase two types of digital assets in a process of participation during initial coin offering:

  • Payment Tokens. They can be used to pay for different goods and services, offered by a company- issuer.
  • Utility Tokens (or useful tokens). They allow using some specific services, offered by an issuing company.

It is very important to understand, that possession of the above mentioned types of assets does not provide an investor neither with influence on the destiny of the company (for example to participate in the voting of shareholders), nor with protection of his rights. The fact is that payment and utility tokens are not equal to securities or stocks.

2. What is STO?

It worth noting, that there is one more type of tokens – Security Token. This variant of assets is very similar to traditional stocks, to which everyone has already managed to get used on stock markets. The main feature of this type is that their owners, in fact, have the right of ownership of a certain share of a company. Such kind of investment is fully protected by regulators. It means that company’s failure to fulfill financial obligations to its investors will entail legal proceedings.

Many experts note, that STO will replace ICO on the crowdfunding market. The matter is the best features of ICO and IPO were united in this investment tool. STO got that level of security, which IPO has, and also the relative simplicity and accessibility that is inherent to ICO.

3. Who can work with STO

SEC has developed rules for investors who wish to participate in STO.

  • An investor must have net worth of $1 million. It is worth noting that this amount does not include the market value of the investor`s real estate in which he lives.
  • The investor should have net income of 200 thousand dollars a year. If we are talking about a married couple, their total annual income must be at least 300 thousand dollars a year.
  • If we talk about an organization, its net assets must be at least $5 million in order to participate in STO. Also, all members of the company must be accredited investors.

It worth noticing, that an investor does not have to comply with all the above mentioned points, one is enough.

4. Forecast for the future

It is early to talk about the future that expects for STO yet. The main indicator of success, which is worth paying attention to is the number of companies that do not work on the blockchain technology market, who wants to conduct an STO in the near future. This type of attracting investment should interest middle class companies, for which to conduct a classic IPO is too expensive. If this scenario becomes a reality, then it will be possible to assert with confidence that STO has a great future. It worth noticing, that this is not a fast process. It will take at least 1-2 years to set all the mechanisms and launch STO for a wide audience. It is quite possible with the right approach of investors and regulators. Now there is another obstacle on the way to massive implementation of STO – the general decline of the cryptocurrency market. The matter is that people`s interest to investments in blockchain is decreased at the moment. But the fall cannot last forever, that is why many experts still have optimism and believe in better future of both STO and the cryptocurrency industry.

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Cryptocurrency Rate Dynamics 2018

The cryptocurrency market is so volatile, that the changes of a rate of separate currencies may reach tens or even thousands percents during a year. The investors and especially the traders should look closely at the rate dynamics of separate coins, as well as the market itself. In this article we will run through such term as cryptocurrency rate dynamics and will take a closer look at the yearly graph of the market and at TOP-3 coins:

  • Bitcoin
  • Ethereum
  • Ripple

Content
(please, click the topic to scroll down to it)

  1. General market dynamics of the year
  2. Bitcoin dynamics
  3. Ethereum dynamics
  4. Ripple dynamics
  5. The main reasons of the cryptocurrency market volatility
  6. Expert’s opinion for 2019
  7. Conclusion

1. General market dynamics of the year

If we go back in time and take a closer look at the general capitalization of the cryptocurrency market we may notice a the great difference between cryptocurrency rates in January and December in 2018.

The beginning of 2018 shocked everybody with its maximum volume of the crypto market capitalization which almost reached 828 billion dollars. After which decreased to  330 billion dollars, which is almost 3 times lower than the historical record. Apparently, that was only the beginning, but first things first.

The first week of 2018 showed the most rapid growth for the entire history. The capitalization grew up by 200 billion dollars for a week, on the 7th January there was a historical maximum of 828,6 billion dollars.

Source: https://coinmarketcap.com/

Such high growth was caused by the altcoins’ rapid growth, after what Bitcoin showed its maximum on the 17th of December and then began to fall. For the next three days (till the 10th of December ) the market awfully decreased and reached the mark of 672,6 million dollars . During the period from 10th till 13th January the capitalization grew up to 744 billion dollars.

But after that, a prolonged correction started, which unfortunately continues up to date.

The 31st of January 2018 the capitalization decreased to 515 billion dollars.

In the first week of February the mark showed a rapid decrease and on the 6th of February the capitalization decreased to 283,6 billion dollars.

This event was followed by a two week period, which made many investors believe that the correction was over and on the 20th of February the capitalization was almost 510 billion dollars. The spring was followed by bad news:

– ban of cryptocurrency advertisement in Google and Facebook

– ban of ICO in China

That was the beginning of the second loop of correction which lasted till the 11th of April 2018 at that day the capitalization was 266 billion dollars.

On the 12th of April the market started to go up. As many experts thinks that the main reason was the filing tax returns in USA. This tendency remains marked till the 5th of May 2018 at that day the capitalization was 464,7 billion dollars.   

The summer was a relatively calm period for cryptocurrency. In the first two months the capitalization was between 200-300 billion dollars, but on the 14th of August it fell to 194 billion dollars.

Source: https://coinmarketcap.com/

However, the fall of 2018 became the point of return for the whole market. The capitalization fell from 228 billion dollars to 138 billion dollars for three months. If in September the rate was more or less stable, then the November has been marked by a loud fall. From the 14th of November the market began to crash and on the 16th of November the capitalization was 102 billion dollars.

2. Bitcoin dynamics

The first cryptocurrency started 2018 with the rate of 14 thousand dollars and the total capitalization of 235 billion dollars

After that the winter rate raised twice:

  • on the 3rd of January $15 331 (the capitalization is 260 billion dollars)
  • on the 6th of January $17 010 (the capitalization is 285 billion dollars)
Source: https://coinmarketcap.com/

This year it was the highest rate which was followed by a prolonged correction, which is still going on.

Till the end of January the coin decreased to $10 255 with the total capitalization of 172,6 billion dollars. Till that moment the vast majority of investors fixed the income at least partially (those who bought at the end of November or December, fixed the loss). Many experts expected the nearly 50% correction to be the maximum and waited for reborn of positive trend in the near future, but the first week of February was marked by a rapid fall of the rate till $6 226.

After that the growth started which made many participants of the market believed in a trend reversal. Looking at the chart until the 5th of  March 2018 we might think that the correction was over since the rate of the coin raised by almost 2 times and amounted $11 452 with the capitalization of $193,5 billion. On the 18th of March the rate was $7 633 (the capitalization $129 billion.).

After that the rate remained in stagnation and from time to time it went up to the $8 500 and falls till $5 900. The minimum rate of the summer 2018 was fixed on the 29th of June and was $5 914.

The period from mid September till mid November was stable and was marked by neither ups nor downs. However, since the 14th of November the total collapse of the market started which affected the capitalization of the first cryptocurrency. On the 17th of December the well-known Bitcoin set a negative record of 2018. The amount of its capitalization was $57 billion. In the outcome, the rate difference of the beginning of 2018 was bigger by 4 times than the end rate of the year and the difference between the max. and the min. rate value equaled 5.

Source: https://coinmarketcap.com/

3. Ethereum dynamics

After the New Year, the price of Ethereum reached dramatic heights. The historical maximum was fixed on the 13th of January with the rate of $1 371.

Source: https://coinmarketcap.com/

Until the 6th of February the rate fell to $719. After that there was a period of growth and the coin reached the $1000 mark. On the 17th of February the rate of ETH was close to $973.

It was followed  by a two month period of contraction, which stopped on the 6th of April on the mark of $367. The ethereum chart for the whole month was positive, on the 5th of May 2018 the coin rate was $820.

But after that the chart went down and on the 15th of August 2018 the ETH rate was $284.

Many people have decided that Ethereum couldn’t go lower. However they were mistaken. Since the 7th of December fixed not only a yearly negative record but a historical one. The capitalization of digital currency was equal to $9 billion and a coin was traded for $87,53 or 0,025 BTC.

Source: https://coinmarketcap.com/

The end of the year was not that successful for Ethereum. The difference between the rate of the beginning of 2018 is almost 6 times more than the final rate of the year and the difference between the max. and min. rate is 11.

4. Ripple dynamics

On the 4th January 2018 the historical maximum was fixed on the $3,81 mark.

Source: https://coinmarketcap.com/

After that the rapid rate correction followed, since many investors wanted to fix their huge profits.

On the 6th of February the coin rate was $0,67. After that the rate of Ripple in 2018 crossed the mark of $1 for a few days. Thus on 17th of February the rate grew to $1,22. Furthermore the downward trend followed, which lasted till the 10th of April when the rate fell to the mark of 48 cents.

Then the rate of the coin (as well as with the rest of the market) was growing for the whole month and on the 5th of May it reached the $0,91 mark.

The rate of Ripple for the whole summer was slowly decreasing and only on the 20th of September began to grow rapidly and on the 22nd of September the price per one coin was $0,59.

The collapse of the cryptocurrency market didn’t hurt much the rate of Ripple unlike the other cryptocurrencies. In contrast, Ripple during not the best period for the market won the second place by total capitalization. And apparently will finish this year taking the second position without giving way to Ethereum.

5. The main reasons of the cryptocurrency market volatility

As you may see, the rate dynamics of 2018 is negative. There are many reasons for volatility of the crypto market, but the major are few:

  • the lack of government regulation;
  • the instability and small capitalization (in compare to traditional financial markets);
  • the lack of binding to the physical goods, which has material value;
  • the lack of the real market value;
  • the human factor (a large number of non-professional investors who by their actions discredit the situation on the market).

6. Expert’s opinion for the 2019

It is actually difficult to predict in the industry of cryptocurrency. We will tell the experts opinion on the rate dynamics in 2019-2020.John – – McAfee believes that Bitcoin will become a new financial standard and everyone should accept that. His forecast about the rate of Bitcoin is the most bravest above all, McAfee believes that 1 BTC till the December of 2020 will cost more than $1 million.

– The Fundstrat analytics team believes that the rate of Bitcoin in 2019 will be equal to $25 thousand.

– Mike Novogratz, CEO of Galaxy Digital, believes that the start of Bakkt and Fidelity Digital Assets platforms will affect the entry of new investors into the cryptocurrency market. According to Mike`s opinion, now the most important point of resistance is the mark of $ 3,880. If we overcome it, then the rate may reach $ 9,000 till the New Year.

7. Conclusion

The rate cryptocurrency dynamics is so changing, the industry is still young and volatile. The last 12 months were filled with a lot of events: the historical maximum was recorded, almost 80% throwback, the ban of advertisement,the regulators, for the first time cryptocurrencies become an agenda at G20. A number of respected experts predicts the great future for the industry and an early resumption of bull trend on the market. So we’ll see and we will provide you only with verified news and with useful information from the crypto world.

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How to Present Bitcoin for New Year: Unknown Methods

The New Year’s holidays is the time for surprising your family. If you have no idea how to do this, then The Coin Shark recommends you to present Bitcoin, the world most discussed cryptocurrency. Well, what else would you expect from us? 🙂

We bet that there is a question inside of your head: “How to do that, if it has no physical representation?”. So, here are 3 methods how to gift Bitcoin for New Year 2019, that no one knows about.

Preparing the gift

The preparation of Bitcoin presentation is identical in 3 methods.

Any gift becomes more attractive if it is wrapped in the festive package. We will also pack Bitcoin, the only thing is that a hard drive will be our colorful wrapper. Literally, we will gift Bitcoin on it or on some part of it.

If the person whom you are willing to present such an unusual gift has a digital wallet, then everything is simple, just transfer money on it. And if not, you have to create it. We will describe how to do that in the following methods.

Well, let’s start.

Method #1: Bitcoin on a sheet of paper

  1. Bitcoin Paper Wallet service will help you to achieve that. It was designed for creating a paper wallet. You can make a wallet model on this resource by yourself: choose style and language where the information will be written on. 
  2. You can decorate your wallet with holo-stickers, but not necessarily. The minimal value of 12 stickers is 0,0009 BTC.
  3. After the abovementioned steps you have to print an image. Keep in mind, that the image should be printed on both sides.
  4. “Run” to an exchange to buy BTC and immediately transfer them to the wallet, we recommend you to copy the address of it. For buying and exchanging Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies, we advise you the following exchanges:

Binance
CEX.IO
EXMO
Coinmama
LiveCoin

5. Check the balance of the created wallet on Blockchain.info.

Method #2: Bitcoin on a flash drive

  1. Firstly, you have to buy a flash drive for storing Bitcoins. The market value of such devices starts from 58 EUR. Check out the Bitcoin-flash drives, such as: trezor.io, Ledger Nano S or Digital Bitbox.
  2. After the purchase, do the step #4 of the previous method.
  3. You can pack the flash drive as you want, for instance, in a small shiny box. Do not forget to put a note where the password will be.

Method #3: Bitcoin on a cellphone

Actually, any device with Android, iOS, BlackBerry or Windows operating system is suitable for storing Bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies.

  1. Buy a smartphone. It will be great if you know which model your relative wants.
  2. After the purchase, install a software: Coin.Space, ArcBit or Bither, it does not matter what operating system you have.
  3. You need to have an e-mail and a password for the registration of the wallet in these programs.
  4. Buy Bitcoin just like in the method #1.
  5. Write down the e-mail and the password on a sheet of paper and put it with the phone.

What risks may occur?

When you give Bitcoin as a present, warn the recipient about the features of the gift, for example, the paper wallet may tear, the flash drive and the smartphone are devices, which are easy to lose. Let your closest take care of the safety of a Bitcoin-carrier.    

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The Price of Ethereum Has Outrun the Price of Bitcoin Cash

The exchange rate of Ethereum has for the first time in the history risen higher than than of the ill-fated Bitcoin Cash. According to the CoinMarketCap the value of Ethereum is almost $86, whereas the cost of BCH dropped to around $82.

The price of Bitcoin Cash has been plummeting down since the infamous hard fork. After the coin split, its exchange rate dropped to around $200 and kept falling. Soon it left the double-digit price range. The hard fork, the hash wars and the overall downward trend of the crypto market has left a large negative impact on this cryptocurrency.

We remind you:

The Future of Ethereum: Will the ETH Rate Recover in the Next Year?

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The True Form of Bitcoin and Forecast for the Future

Now it is hard to find a person who has never heard of Bitcoin’s existence. But the vast majority of people do not fully understand what it is and how it really looks like. In this article we will discuss the true appearance of Bitcoin, and also find out whether BTC can have physical form.

1. What does Bitcoin look like?

We briefly remind that Bitcoin is the very first cryptocurrency in the world, it was launched in January 2009. This is the first decentralized payment system in the world, in which interaction takes place exclusively between users, and does not require regulation by intermediaries. It works with the help of blockchain technology, which guarantees security of transactions.

The Bitcoin network is a chain of blocks, which store information about every coin transfer in the entire history. Each block has timestamps as well as encrypted information about the previous block. This data is stored on every miner`s computer all at the same time, thus it is impossible to change anything in the registry. So, basically, Bitcoin is just a record in blockchain.

2. Is there a Bitcoin in physical form

It is very difficult for the vast majority of people to imagine something that does not exist in the real world. Some enthusiasts have begun issuing physical Bitcoins for this reason. What is it? The actual Bitcoin coins appear in the form of physical wallets. They are intended for safe storage of coins, as well as for offline payments. There is a wallet`s address that can be found on a coin, which is publicly available, as well as a private key, which is hidden by special hologram.

Source: https://www.coindesk.com/

The first physical coins were issued in 2011, produced by Mike Caldwell. The circulation was 3500 pieces, it is worth saying that the author mined those digital assets by himself. These coins were sold out very quickly, so in 2013, Caldwell released the next generation of physical bitcoins, which had new design.

3. What are the prospects for Bitcoin?

The first digital coin in history keeps leading position for almost 10 years and remains a powerhouse for the entire industry. The very first exchange rate of the coin was 1 dollar for 1.309.03 BTC. We remind that the coin’s rate in December last year was above $20,000, and then started falling down. Bitcoin costs about $3,300 now (according to CoinMarketCap).

No doubts, it is the biggest asset value increase in the history of mankind. Many cryptocurrency experts predict a great future for Bitcoin. Coin emission is limited, mining complexity increases every year, and users base is growing. All these factors will certainly have a positive effect on the cost of the asset in the future.

Bitcoin has one big problem that slows down its development – a small bandwidth. The network is able to perform only 7 operations per second. This It means that the more people will use the system, the longer it will take to wait for transactions confirmation takes to wait for. Sometimes it can take hours or even days.

4. Conclusion

Many people wonder: How does 1 Bitcoin looks like?” In general, BTC does not exist in physical form, it is just a set of data stored in the blockchain. But the enthusiasts created physical analogs of coins, mostly for collectors. They are physical wallets, made in the form of coins. Bitcoin`s future is not fully defined yet, but the majority of experts believe that the peak of its popularity is still ahead.

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