2018 was the landmark year for National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Coin Shark have gathered the main achievements of 2018.
1. To The Sun
Parker Solar Probe, within a period from October 31 to November 11 made its first perihelion, its first close approach to the Sun on the record distance 27,2 million kilometers and flight through the sun crown. The coronal mass ejections and Mercury can be seen in the picture.
Parker Solar Probe was launched on 12th August 2018. During the operation he had to get the answers for 3 main questions:
- How much is the solar crown hotter than the visible surface of the Sun?
- What is the speed of the solar wind?
- How are some solar energetic particles accelerating from the Sun at a speed of more than half speed of the light?
2. Selfie on Mars
InSight, NASA research vehicle, for the 8-th time in human history has successfully landed on Mars on the 26th of November 2018. The aim of the scientists is to drill the 5 meter borehole with the help of the machine in the soil of the Red planet. This will help to study the internal constitution and structure.
A camera that was installed in the InSight robotic arm made several pictures of the surface of Mars.
Steadily easing into my workflow. It’s been a busy few days and now, a new picture of Mars without the camera lens cover. Plus, a new view from my robotic arm camera. Read: https://t.co/5qCjNVZaRs
— NASA InSight (@NASAInSight) December 1, 2018
3. Planet’s Stories
In the beginning of 2019 New Horizons sonde flying past the most distant ever examined objects send the first images and the science data about Ultima Thule. Such information may help to explore the formation of planets in our Solar system and around other stars.
We want to remind you that the space station New Horizons was launched in 2006. This is the first machinery which have flown near the Pluto at a distance of 12.5 thousand kilometers. The information obtained during the study allowed scientists to discover that on this planet there are glaciers,mountains and volcanoes.
After flying by the most distant object ever explored, @NASANewHorizons beamed back the 1st pictures & science data from #UltimaThule. This data is helping us understand how planets form — both those in our own solar system & those orbiting other stars: https://t.co/cp8lE03Cl5 pic.twitter.com/CUaOK1LZBG
— NASA (@NASA) January 2, 2019
The other companies also took new steps in the exploration of space except NASA in 2018.
In February 2018, for example, SpaceX owned by Elon Musk, launched their first super-heavy rocket Falcon Heavy.
— SPACE.com (@SPACEdotcom) February 6, 2018
A some kind of baggage on the way to the Mars was Elon’s personal vehicle, a red Tesla Roadster. The dummy named Starman was launched together with the car along with the book “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” by Douglas Noël Adams and under David Bowie music accompaniment.
In October 2018 European Space Agency (ESA) sent Bepi Colombo mission in order to study the smallest Solar system planet.
On 20 October 2018, the ESA-@JAXA_en @BepiColombo spacecraft blasted off at the start of a 7 year journey to #Mercury – enjoy this newly released time-lapse video showing launch preparations through to liftoff! #BepiColombo #2018inReviewhttps://t.co/gKep4aW0WL
— BepiColombo (@BepiColombo) December 30, 2018
Mercury is one of the least studied planet. So far, there are only 2 sondes which have flown up to it. According to ESA plans, the machineries should reach the target till 2025.
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