Review of Smart Contract Technology: What Is It Used For and How to Work With It?

smart contract technology

If not all the representatives of the crypto world heard about smart contracts, then probably most of them did. Therefore, it is so important to know the details of the work of this innovative technology of “smart contracts”, the concept of which was announced a couple of decades ago, but was not fully realized in 2014. What is it, how can it be applied in practice, and what future, thanks to smart contracts, is the industry waiting for?

Contents:
(please, click the topic to scroll down to it)

  1. What is a smart contract?
  2. What is the advantage of smart contracts in practice?
  3. How to work with smart contracts?
  4. What is a smart contract for practice?
  5. How reliable is a smart contract?
  6. Conclusion

1. What is a smart contract?

A familiar look at the financial system changed in 2008 with the appearance of the first cryptocurrency, a coin that has a value that is not confirmed by physical assets. But year 2014 gave the mankind a way to regulate payments without the participation of intermediaries and such guarantors as lawyers, courts and other traditional institutions.

Intelligent contracts were enabled in practice by the blockchain. What is the essence of innovation? Smart-contracts are something like program code containing a complete package of information about an upcoming transaction. Logic is the simplest: it does not require the participation of a third party. If Mr. X wishes to transfer a certain number of coins to Mr. Y for a particular service, the transaction will occur automatically if the parties comply with the prescribed conditions. If they fail to be complied by any of the parties, the transaction will not take place.

Smart contracts do not provide for the presence and even potential participation in the relations of the parties of any arbitrator. Everything is extremely logical and simple – a smart contract, in fact, is no different from the usual contract, in which there are:

  • signatures of the parties that confirmed their agreement with the terms of the contract;
  • the subject of the contract;
  • the conditions under which the contract will be executed.

2. What is the advantage of smart contracts in practice?

The most important thing is the lack of the need to attract guarantors for the fulfillment of obligations. The parties do not need to apply to the notary, exchange and other third parties who by their signature / seal will attest to the intentions and obligations of the contract’s parties. Also, technology implies full transparency and security of information stored in the blockchain. As a result, the parties receive their benefits under the contract and do not pay the commission to intermediaries.

3. How to work with smart contracts?

In this regard, all the issues are fully answered by the Ethereum, known to all the crypto community. In it, the filling of a smart contract is intuitively understandable and accessible to everyone. On the official site Ethereum you need to download the purse, come up with your electronic signature and key. You can not only apply ready-to-use templates, but create code yourself.

4. What is a smart contract for practice?

The security guarantee provided by this technology allows investors not to risk when investing assets in the ICO. The investor had the opportunity not to rely on the success promised by the developers of the new coin, but to “insure” their funds by writing in the contract the condition for an automatic refund.

Technology is attractive in various areas, where contractual relations between the parties arise. Banks, companies involved in insurance, logistics, etc. are interested in it.

5. How reliable is a smart contract?

Since a smart contract is a program code, it is not without possible shortcomings. They can be associated with the complexity of its independent compilation, not always sufficient flexibility of the blockchain and insufficient scalability.

It should be noted that, in the event of an error in the contract, there are no methods for regulating the dispute. Everything is done by the program, and the court has no tools to evaluate the propriety of its incorrect work.

6. Conclusion

The technology of smart contracts has great potential. In fact, they can be used in absolutely any sphere of life. But in order to make smart contracts become commonplace, it’s still necessary to do a huge amount of work. To date, the most reliable and secure platform for entering into smart contracts is Ethereum.

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Interview with Marco Robinson: Bitcoin is the Best Performing Asset of All Time

Nowadays pretty much everyone has an opportunity to become a successful entrepreneur and investor. With the emergence of cryptocurrency and blockchain, perhaps it has become even more accessible.

Today, we invited to talk Marco Robinson a man who not only managed to become a world-famous investor, but also created a number of successful projects. An Award Winning Entrepreneur, Prime Time TV Star, Philanthropist, #1 Bestselling Author, Winner of the iProperty People’s Choice Awards Best Real Estate Company, World Renowned Property Investor, and Restaurateur he knows how to make money work for you better than anyone.

Hello, Marco. First of all, let’s discuss your success as an investor. At what point in your life did you start investing in real estate, and why this particular area was one of the first you chose?

I first invested in real estate fairly late in life at 40 years old after I had a great business success and had quite a bit of money I didn’t know what to do with.

It was an interesting time in 2009 as it was the subprime crisis, I discovered properties were very cheap especially in the USA, and I found that fascinating so I started to study what made Real Estate go up and go down and wondered why this happened continually…I got so into this I decided to write a book about property cycles and what made them do that and I developed an algorithm based on four main drivers that triggered property price increases, they were:

  1. Cycles (economic cycles) for example in the UK there is a proven 18-year cycle
  2. Population growth. (Rent prices and property increased basically supply and demand.
  3. Structure plan. (What they are gonna build in the area, for example, new manufacturing, schools, etc)
  4. Local and individual property taxes & including friendly states and governments (some taxes are so high you can easily get negative cash flow)

When did you first learn about the blockchain technology, and how did it help you in the development of your projects?

I was introduced to Bitcoin in 2015.

I saw as a real threat to the banking system which I liked very much and after some detailed research discovered it was a genuine reaction, I felt, to the US sub prime crisis which made 40 million people homeless. I loved the security of it and especially it’s decentralization, that it could not be shut down and the founder very cleverly could not be identified.

I was also looking for a loyalty solution to connect all my businesses including my restaurants, my cosmetics, my property, my travel, my education and film companies, a currency everybody could use that I could keep within my own eco-system, so I could keep my clients loyal and grow my client based with the best value proposition in the market place. That currency I created is called NAKED DOLLARS and is now listed on LATOKEN.

Besides NKD, what do you think about investments in cryptocurrency in general?

It’s a brand new sector and to be frank not even the end of day one yet. A lot of cowboys presented a fabulous whitepaper in 2016 and 2017 and made a fortune off speculation…2018 saw a massive correction and the crypto market lost 80% of its value in one year because of this and because not many people had a real product.

It is here to stay, only just yesterday JP MORGAN created their own cryptocurrency, governments are creating their own, they have to as the FIAT CASH currency system is not sustainable, a new debt system has to be created or the majority of the world will go bankrupt.

Bitcoin is the SAFEST currency in the world, it cannot be hacked, it has no founder, no company, no office, and no assets, yet it is the best performing asset of all time increasing 350,000% in ten years! You cannot ignore it at all!

Are there any startups in the cryptocurrency world which you have invested or would like to invest in?

There are very few I would because of the losses in 2018. New projects don’t just have to have great technology, they must have great founders with great track records in business and great profiles in terms of influence.

How do you feel about buying, for example, real estate for Bitcoin?

I’d rather keep the bitcoin it gives a higher return potentially. I would rather use other cryptocurrency like Ethereum to buy real estate.

However I also use a profit strategy, so when I make great profits in bitcoin I will buy real estate as real estate gives me great cash flow.

In what areas, do you think, the use of blockchain technology is necessary?

I think it’s critical in pretty much every industry to prove the origins of each product or service and the security of it, especially in supply chain businesses such as gold and diamond mining to supply to make sure they are not conflict diamonds etc. I also love the adoption to health and medicine, for example, if someone has an accident one drop of blood or even a thumbprint can track the entire medical history of that person in seconds and the perfect medication can be administered!

You are a well-known philanthropist and are famous for your good deeds for the homeless and the needy, because you know very well what it feels like to not have a home. Let’s talk about an 18-year-old teenage mother Holly, a part of the TV Show “Get a House for Free.” Have you thought about not just “giving a fish” to people, but also trying to “teach people to fish”, that is, to give the needy the knowledge of how to “get back on their feet”?

I’m already now doing that with FREEDOMX, www.freedomxmovement.org where I have created a new charity social impact program where the victims of homelessness are rewarded on a merit based philosophy: “I help you if you help someone else” this is CONDITIONAL ALTRUISM, so we only help them if they want to be helped and IF they want to be microfinanced for a coffee shop on a bicycle, for example, they have to be certified and trained which lowers risk and creates a new economy for people to thrive in.

In what areas besides real estate, restaurant business, TV-shows would you like to or plan to realize yourself?

I’m making my first Hollywood movie “legacy of lies” next month, I helped fund the whole movie and my profits will be going to help the homeless

You can see the trailer here:

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Cryptocurrency Prices Today, February 14: Cryptocurrency Did Not Catch The Romantic Atmosphere And Began To Fall In Price

Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, EOS, Litecoin, Cardano, Stellar, IOTA, Dash, Monero: Cryptocurrency Rate

According to the Coingecko online platform, Bitcoin (BTC) lost 0.35% over the past 24 hours after a period of growth. The price at the time of writing is $3607 per coin.

Cryptocurrencies have returned to the red zone:

Bitcoin Cash lost 0.6% over the past 24 hours and costs $121 per coin;

Ripple fell by 1% and costs $0.30;

EOS decreased by 4.1% and its price is $2.78;

Litecoin dropped by 3.2% and its value is $41;

Cardano lost 2.5% and its cost is $0.040;

Stellar fell by 1.1% and costs $0.076;

IOTA decreased by 1.6% and its value is $0.26;

Dash lost 1.9% and its price is $78;

Monero dropped by 2.5% and costs $47.

Over the past 24 hours, Ethereum has lost 0.7%. The rate of the coin is $122.

The total market capitalization fell to $120 billion. Bitcoin accounts for 52.5% of the total. In monetary terms, it is $63 billion.

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Cryptocurrency Prices Today, February 13: Cryptocurrencies Are Showing an Upward Trend

Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, EOS, Litecoin, Cardano, Stellar, IOTA, Dash, Monero: Cryptocurrency prices

According to the online platform Coingecko, Bitcoin (BTC) added 0.4% over the past 24 hours after a period of growth. The price at the time of writing is $3620 per coin.

Cryptocurrencies once again moved to the green zone:

Bitcoin Cash added 0.57% over the past 24 hours and costs $121 per coin;

Ripple grew by 1.96% and costs $0.30;

EOS gained 5.78%, and its price is $2.92;

Litecoin lost 1.48%, and its value is $42;

Cardano increased by 1.31%, and its cost $0.041;

Stellar added 0.2% and costs $0.076;

IOTA grew by 3%, and its value is $0.27;

Dash remains stable, and its price is $82;

Monero gained 2.51% and costs $49.

Over the past 24 hours, Ethereum added 2.37%. The exchange rate of the coin is $123.

The total market capitalization is $121 billion. Bitcoin accounts for 52.6% of the total volume. In monetary terms, it is $63 billion.

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How To Read Trading Charts

Cryptocurrency exchanges work on the same principle as traditional exchanges. Potentially, it is possible to earn very good money on these platforms, but for this, it is needed to be able to correctly read the cryptocurrency coin chart. Of course, in order to become a professional trader, it needs to learn and practice a lot, but if your goal is to understand the basics, this article will be an excellent starting point in the exciting world of trading for you.

There are a huge variety of different charts, but the most common is the “Candlestick chart”. The chart is a much more informative tool than digital or text analysis. Using graphics, it is possible to quickly navigate and understand the current mood of the crowd, as well as the balance of power between sellers and buyers of a particular asset. Based on the obtained data, it is possible to calculate the potential profitability or unprofitability of a particular deal.

1. The main types of stock charts

As it was mentioned above, there are a huge number of different types of charts, but the main ones are lines, bars, and candlesticks. All of these tools (with the exception of the line charts) can tell about:

  • price at the beginning of the selected period (1 minute, 5 minutes, 15 minutes, 1 hour, 1 day, 1 week, etc.);
  • price at the end of the selected period;
  • the minimum and maximum rate of the selected period.

By and large, the crypto chart clearly shows the history of the struggle between bulls and bears. In the process of this confrontation, a large number of deals are made. It should be understood that even a slight fluctuation of the price means that some have already earned on it, while others, on the contrary, have suffered losses.

2. “Candlestick chart”

Let’s take a closer look at the most common version of charts, namely “Candlestick chart”. It was invented almost 400 years ago by a rice seller from the country of the Rising Sun. The process of observing a line chart is not entirely convenient; for this reason, the construction of “Candlestick chart” is based on the principle of dividing the total time into specific periods. This principle helps to quickly navigate what is happening on the market and, accordingly, to give the Bitcoin trend prediction or any other financial asset forecast.

3. How to read the chart “Candlestick chart”?

One candle represents the range of prices for an asset for a certain period of time. The boundaries of the candle are the lowest and highest asset price in this period of time. If the candle`s color is green, this means that the asset has increased in value over a given period of time; if it is red, then, on the contrary, it has fallen.

Source: https://www.tradingview.com/

If you look closely at the above chart, you will notice:

  • the candle corresponds to the time interval – 60 minutes;
  • the minimum asset price was $3485,24;
  • the maximum asset price was $3733.58;
  • This hour began with a price of $3506,42 and ended with the price of $3687 (for this reason, the candle is green).

The main parameters that should be paid attention to when reading cryptocurrency charts are:

  • asset price;
  • time;
  • trading volume.

By and large, the entire analysis of charts is an ordinary calculation of the balance between supply and demand. It is possible to estimate the level of the strength of bulls or bears through the asset price (vertical axis) and the volume of transactions (horizontal axis). These skills allow experienced traders to take the right position in advance and earn money on any price movement.

4. Conclusion

In this article, we talked about how to read cryptocurrency charts. As it was mentioned above, there are a huge number of different types of charts, but the most popular and often used is the option “Candlestick chart”. The basic principle of this type of charts is to divide the time into certain periods. It is quite informative and easy to read. If you want to start trading, then you definitely need to get a deeper understanding of this topic.

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H&M Distributors Now Accepts Cryptocurrency Payments

More and more retailers are coming to the cryptospace, since the price of Bitcoin has stabilized for a period of time. American wholesaler H&M Distributors, a company dealing with lap holders, replacement ballasts, and accessories, will allow customers to pay with cryptocurrency. The payments will be conducted with the help of an e-commerce platform Champion.

Crypto became mainstream in 2018

The year of 2018 has brought cryptocurrency into mainstream especially when the market cap approached at $830 billion on January 7. Let us remind you some memorable moments of accepting crypto.

Cryptocurrency is the best alternative to traditional fiat currency, it is very viable to use as payment for cross border transactions as well. Cryptocurrencies truly allow for a universal and global system of finance that connects people across border payments.

Unfortunately, after massive downturn in market cap, people paused accepting crypto, yet, now it is high time to resume the tendency.

Details of possible payments

According to the press release, H&M distributors will accept payments in Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Dash (DASH) and Bitcoin Diamond (BCD).

From now on, retailers will be able to complete the transaction in seconds without paying commission. It will reduce or “eliminate currency conversion fees” that have to be paid when using traditional payment processors, as the result, the customers will save more money.

Furthermore, the US-based distributor wants “freedom from chargebacks” – which can occur when using more conventional banking services. The giant distributor thinks that cryptocurrency payment systems  “match the functionality of traditional fiat currency” and they go beyond traditional transaction processors in terms of “efficiency, accessibility, and security.”

The CEO and founder of H&M Distributors, Herb Needham, stated that:

“After more than 20 years in the business, we consider ourselves experts in specialty lighting. Accepting cryptocurrency payments allows us to share that expertise with even more clients by removing many of the barriers that made it difficult to sell internationally before. What sold us was the settlement system, which allows us to convert crypto payments to a USD equivalent right away.”

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The Story About True “Iron Man” Who Conquered Space

Genius, billionaire, philanthropist, engineer, inventor and investor, a man whose name has been very popular in recent years. The man drove by a dream, a dreamer who wants to conquer the space and bring technology to an absolutely new unprecedented level. As you may have guessed, this is Elon Reeve Musk. In this article, we will talk about how the man who was born in the poor city of Pretoria which is in the Republic of South Africa, has risen on the top of technological progress.

1. Early years

As we said above, everything began in South Africa, in the city of Pretoria. The father of the future genius was a successful businessman and was able to give his 10-year-old son a computer Commodore VIC-20, on which little Elon learned to program. The first deal in Musk`s life happened when he was 12 years old: he sold his first video game “Blast star” for 500 dollars. This game was a rethinking of the well-known game “Space in Waders”. The teenager invested the raised money in shares of a pharmaceutical company, the development of which was closely followed by his father. When he was 17 years old, Musk sold these shares to leave his hometown for studying in Canada. It should be noted that Elon’s parents were against such a decision, but the young Musk insisted on his own and left his homeland and flew to North America.

2. The first companies and PayPal

In Canada, Musk settled at relatives,  soon he applied to Stanford, but never finished it. In 1996, Elon together with his brother created his own company Zip2, which developed software for news companies. After just three years, in 1999, Compaq bought Zip2 for $308 million. Musk’s share of this deal was $22 million. A few months later, Elon became one of the founders of the company X.com, which after the merger with the company Confinity became the world-famous payment system PayPal. It should be noted that Elon himself was against the name of PayPal. This service began to actively develop, mainly it was used to buy various goods at auctions, including the most famous Ebay.com. In October 2002, the company PayPal was bought by eBay, the amount of the deal amounted to $1.5 billion, a record for those times. At the time of the sale, Elon Musk owned 11.7% of the company’s shares, which allowed him to receive $165 million.

3. Road to the stars “SpaceX”

In 2002, Musk founded the company SpaceX, which is a private developer of a series of launch vehicles and a commercial operator of space systems. It should be noted that Musk personally invested in SpaceX $100 million, which he had earned from the sale of his previous companies. Elon Musk set the goal: “to reduce the cost of space flight by 10 times.” It seemed unreal, but it took 6 years for Musk and his engineering team to realize it. In 2008, Nasa signed a contract with SpaceX for $1.6 billion. It is very important to note that Elon Musk not only managed this company, he also dealt with engineering and visual activities. As his partners say, Musk independently studied rocket science and continues his own self-study to this day. Almost all the brilliant ideas implemented in SpaceX came to Elona Musk’s mind.

SpaceX is the only company in the world that uses the first stages of launch vehicles on a reusable basis. The ultimate Musk`s goal is the conquest of the space: a colony on Mars and other space bodies of the Solar System. The first flight to the Red Planet is scheduled for 2024. A huge BFR (big falcon rocket) spacecraft is currently in a process of development.

4. Electrification of the automotive industry “Tesla”

At the same time that SpaceX was developing, Musk started the not less ambitious project – in 2003 Musk founded Tesla Motors, the company that specializes in the production of electric cars. This was a very difficult project since Musk and his team were pioneers in this market. In 2006, the brainchild of Elon launched his first car Tesla Roadster, which is a two-seater supercar. The production of this model was very limited since all the cars were assembled by hand.

Now Tesla company is one of the largest car manufacturers in the United States. The company’s lineup now includes Model S (business class sedan), Model X (roomy crossover), Model 3 (budget sedan), Tesla Semi (truck, mass production will begin at the end of 2019), Tesla Roadster 2 (supercar, mass production will begin in 2020). Also in the project are the Model Y (budget crossover) and Tesla pickup.

Source: https://www.wikipedia.org/

In 2018, the company had problems that were related to the scaling of production capacity of Model 3, but 3 and 4 quarters of 2018 were profitable for the company and Musk promised investors that the worst was over and that in the future the company would only expect growth and prosperity.

5.  Transition to the energy of the sun “Solar City”

In July 2006, Elon Musk`s cousins (with his participation) founded the company Solar City, which specializes in installing solar panels on the roofs of both private houses and public premises. Just a year after the founding of this company, it became the leader in its field of activity in California. Subsequently, Solar City was acquired by Tesla.

6. Underground tunnels “Boring company”

Another problem that Elon Musk decided to fight with was traffic jams. To solve this problem, Elon proposed to build a network of underground tunnels in which cars would move on special platforms, at a speed of 200 km/h. Musk with the company’s engineers are working to improve the drilling rigs in order to cut down the cost of building tunnels by ten times. The most advanced modern boring machines move with a speed that is 7 times less than the speed of movement of an ordinary snail. As Musk joked, the main goal of the company is to outrun the snail. In December 2018, the Boring Company held a presentation of its first test tunnel, which cost the company $10 million, which is several times less than the average market price for a contractor.

7. Conclusion

Elon Musk is very versatile, he has a number of innovative, but less well-known projects:

  • StarLink is a satellite Internet project with coverage of 100% of the globe. The idea is to launch about 12,000 satellites into low-Earth orbit, which will have to give the Internet anywhere in the world. This is a project of SpaceX, which is now actively preparing for its implementation.
  • Hyperloop – a project of a supersonic train. For the first time, this idea was voiced by Elon Musk in 2012, but he said that he would not personally deal with its implementation. Already after a short period of time, there were created two companies which actively began to implement the project.
  • Neuralink is a neurocomputer interface project. To fully describe this idea of Elon Musk, it is needed to write a separate rather long article. But in short words, Neuralink will help connect the human brain directly to the Internet and to the gadgets that surround us. Today it sounds like a fantastic movie script, but some 10 years ago, self-driving electric cars or manned first stages of launch vehicles that land and can fly again, were also unreal. But as we see, all the goals that Elon Musk sets for himself, sooner or later become a reality.

So we can only wish him good luck and watch him changing our world beyond recognition.

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