Research Shows Interest in ICO Dropped Over 90% Since January 2018

Recently, we have written that Bitcoin and Ethereum are not in trends anymore as the search requests dropped drastically over the year. Unfortunately, ICO is also following the same tendency of decreasing its popularity. Let’s look deeper at the statistic data and reason why this phenomena is happening.

Autonomous Research, a company that provides global investment research in finance, has compared the raised funds by ICOs, token sales over the year.


Source:
https://next.autonomous.com/

Research shows that funds raised by token sales in January 2018 overcame the psychological mark of $2.4 billion, while September investments were less than $300 million, according to the data. It means that the activity has fallen over 90% since the beginning of the year.

Autonomous Research highlights three main reasons that are able to explain the decrease in interest.

The first one is that investors are losing faith in ICOs, recent scams, big hackers attacks, intransparency fuel to the fire. Moreover, they mostly choose equity in companies that offer ICOs.

The second reason is STOs (security token offerings) that highly likely replace real ICOs. This hypothesis was announced by a blockchain mark consultant Michael Spencer:

“In the latter half of 2018 and in 2019 we are therefore going to see a huge rise in STOs, and they may eventually out-duel ICOs.”

Even though STOs provide with bigger security and less possibility of fraud, Autonomous Research still thinks they will not hit the market in the nearest future.

The third reason is the collapse of Chinese P2P lending servicesThe Chinese authorities blocked access to ICO platforms in April this year, though token sale activity remains high in the Asian country. Autonomous Research is still in the process of checking data about China.

We remind you

ICO And Crowdfunding: Who’s Who

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Depository Network: The Common Thread Between Traditional Lending And Blockchain

Are you ready for another revolutionary project that solves a bunch of issues for crypto users? If so, then, make yourself comfortable and enjoy the world’s first decentralized multi-platform for collateral assets. Let’s discuss Depository Network and see who were the people that helped to create this blockchain “masterpiece”.

Depository Network: what is it all about?

Depository Network is a first depository for collateral assets worldwide. It is safe, decentralized, and blockchain-based. It provides a pledge system where you can create your own collateral platforms, tens and hundreds of them. If you are a holder of the token or coin backed by Depositary Network, you can guarantee your assets as a deposit and get a loan. And vise versa, any lender can make up his\her own depositary, where he/she will be able to accept digital coins as a monetary deposit. Everyone gets benefits, this make the platform more attractive to crypto-related people.

There are two types of collateral contracts, namely DEPO Smart Contract  and DEPO Escrow Contract. They are designed for the following networks: Ethereum, EOS, Cardano, Qtum, Lisk, etc. There is no mediator and the contract requires at least three signatures. If you more information about the process, then immerse into details here.

Team and Advisors

Now,  let’s move to the “juiciest” part – people who created Depository Network and who supervise the whole process. First, we want to introduce some members of the Team.

Svetoslav Dimitrov (CEO & Co-Founder) is top legal professional, who worked at best Bulgarian law firms. His experience exceeds 15 years, his new vision on implementing traditional legal institutions into digital space helped him to create Depository Network.

Dimitar Kostov (Technology Board Member and Investor) is a genius of management with more than 20 years of experience. He also leads VMware (NYSE:VMW).

Martin Kuvandjiev (Technology Board Member) is one of the creators of Bitcoin Gold, winner as leader of project “Valkirye” at NASA Space Apps Challenge Competitions 2015.

The Team consists of 10 people who are, as you can see,  well-skilled and good at their job. They are literally a “dream team” for creating such an innovative platform. They know what they are doing, and this confidence makes the project superb.

Advisors of Depository Network also include 10 people who have experience of more than 25 years, They work as advisors in many firm and companies worldwide, their knowledge and perfectness lead the project to the best one on the whole planet.

Ivo Gueorguiev is an entrepreneur worked in the top companies worldwide, he had 25 years of experience in fintech under his belt. Now he is a member of the boardship of Banca Transilvania.

Jos Uitdehaag is a senior expert of law projects in European Commission, 15 years of working with international platforms. He is an advisor of International Monetary Fund, key expert in World Bank Group.

ICO details

The project will conduct an ICO in November-December of this year. The total token supply is 3 billion DEPO, the price of token is $0.02. The soft cap is $2.6 million, whilst the hard cap is $15 million. 70% of tokens will be distributed at the token sale, 15% will be retained by DEPO Reserve, another 12% will go to further team development, and the other 3% will go to bounty program and ICO marketing.

If you are interested in this project, please visit their official site and get more information there.

The Coin Shark does not endorse and is not responsible for or liable for any content, accuracy, quality, advertising, products or other materials on this page. Readers should do their own research before taking any actions. The Coin Shark is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, goods or services mentioned in the article.

The SEC Creates a Special Department to Keep an Eye Open for ICOs

The US Securities and Exchange Commission came out with a press release announcing the opening of the FinHub, a brand-new subdivision of the agency.

The main tasks of the Hub will be:

  • giving a chance to the general public to communicate with the SEC regarding fintech questions;
  • spreading information related to fintech;
  • announcing all the major events in the sphere of fintech
  • publishing all new fintech regulations and decisions of the SEC
  • serving as a linking point of various internal and external financial regulators;
  • etc

As said by the head of the newly emerged department:

By launching FinHub, we hope to provide a clear path for entrepreneurs, developers, and their advisers to engage with SEC staff, seek input, and test ideas.”

Since ICO is a major fintech activity, it will also be under the strict control of FinHub.

We remind you:

SEC’s ETF Decisions Will Come Out In October

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The U.S.-China Trading War Influences Cryptocurrency World, Bitmain Suffers Most

Not long ago, we discussed that Bitcoin was in danger, since Chinese authority was able to attack it any time. The US decided to keep up with opponents and stroke the crypto world of China, namely crypto asset industry.

These two countries are currently in a state of trading conflict, introducing tariffs on goods traded with each other. In June the USA changed the classification of ASIC miner, called Antminer S9, in a way that Chinese miners can be at a loss. That month the “electrical machinery apparatus”, the given category to the ASICs, had a 2.6% tariff.

Later in August, the tariff raised by 25 per cent. At the moment, Chinese mining producers deal with the fee of 27.6 per cent on their US shipments.This action has a colossal impact on Bitmain, the company based in Beijing and being the biggest Chinese mining hardware maker.

Bitmain tried to cope with the pressure by filing for a Hong Kong IPO. It could reportedly rise $3 billion. The company’s filing also mentioned the fact that about 62.8% revenue came from overseas in first half of 2018, though there was no comment on how many sales had come from the US.

The crisis came to Bitmain at a very bad time. IPO filing showed the company’s turnover dropped in second quarter of 2018 drastically, losing about $400 million in compare to $1.1 billion net profit in the first quarter.

One of the analysts, Mark Li, reckons the US tariffs aim at making Chinese hardware less competitive than opponent ones produced in other countries. He also added that Bitmain’s boardship is more aware of technology arms race, where the company is falling behind

The cold trading war between China and States can last for a long time, yet no one is sure how much loss or profit it can bring, we are only able to watch and wait. Now we want to remind you

Mining Complexity: What It Is and Where It Will Get

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Harry Potter’s Voldemort Might Solve the Most Pressing Problems of Bitcoin

An anonymous developer who is hiding under the nickname Tom Elvis Jedusor (Tom Riddle in French, i.e. the most famous villain from the Harry Potter series) published a paper with the possible way to hide the exact amount of transaction until the very moment Bitcoins are transferred.

According to the paper:

These future improvements could cause it so that the each others amounts would not be known even by the actual members of the anonymity group.”

The interesting fact is that this “Voldemort” actually published one more protocol a couple of years ago dealing with the issues of Bitcoin scalability and anonymity. Some members of the crypto community compare his papers with the horcruxes of the Voldemort from Harry Potter.

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New Video Player Technology That Rewards Users for Their Attention

Genesis player

Genesis player promotes the latest blockchain projects and rewards viewers with tokens directly through the player. The tool, which can be easily embedded across the web has been quickly adopted by multiple crypto projects looking to build their community and reach investors through the power of video.

With close to 100,000 existing user accounts, crypto enthusiasts and investors can learn about new projects by watching promotional videos. Users can earn between $3 and $5 each view, from an airdrop completed directly through the player. These videos are syndicated across the web, and available on CryptoNow.tv. Users can visit cryptonow.tv and browse featured videos to earn tokens. There is a total of $400k worth of tokens available in total from over 10 promising projects.

You can earn 5 iCash tokens worth $5 by watching all of the video above and signing up for GenesisPlayer. Simple!

Users can also earn an additional 10% through an inbuilt referral programme by sharing the video once they have signed up and claimed tokens. The system is backed by ‘Proof of View’ technology which stops any cheating and users skipping.

Some of the current projects using the Genesis player technology to power their community include iCash, Vreo, Smartree, CoinAnalyst, Autobay, INDX and Fanfare.

GenesisPlayer was built on the Verasity Protocol and was developed out of a successful ICO and the Verasity team understanding the importance of projects needing to build an engaged community and the power video has in selling the potential of a project. Find out more at Verasity.io

The Coin Shark does not endorse and is not responsible for or liable for any content, accuracy, quality, advertising, products or other materials on this page. Readers should do their own research before taking any actions. The Coin Shark is not responsible, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, goods or services mentioned in the article.

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Bitcoin Mining: How Are the Most Popular Coins Mined Today?

How to mine BTС today?

Quite a lot of people really managed to make a fortune out of Bitcoin mining. And many still manage to do so today. In this article, The Coin Shark will tell what mining is, how the most popular cryptocurrency is mined today, when the latest Bitcoin will be mined, what are the prospects of the digital currency mining industry and other things that every crypto-enthusiast is interested in.

Content:
(please, click the topic to scroll down to it)

  1. What is mining?
  2. How is Bitcoin mined?
  3. How many Bitcoins can be mined and what’s the time period for that?
  4. Types of Bitcoin mining
  5. Prospects of Bitcoin mining
  6. Conclusion 

1. What is mining?

Today, even those who are not really familiar with cryptocurrencies have definitely heard something about mining. However, it is not always clear what it actually is.

Mining is a computing operation. In fact, this is a kind of an attempt to solve a complex mathematical problem. The particular “X” that must be found as the result of the calculations is called a hash. If it is successfully found a new block is generated in the cryptocurrency blockchain. A block is a structural unit where the information about cryptocurrency transactions is recorded. It is sometimes not that easy to get all those terms, so let`s take a look at a rather simple example: a block is a kind of a banknote. Any banknote is a legal tender only if it looks in a certain way. It has a special design, watermarks, other security features, particular density, etc. Each banknote must meet certain specified parameters, otherwise, you will not manage to buy something for it and it will be just a piece of paper. The same thing with cryptocurrencies! Transactions are confirmed by being recorded into the blocks, and the blocks must be valid, must have a particular form. To meet this form, to generate a valid block, a hash with required parameters should be found as the result of computing operations. And that is exactly what miners are responsible for!

2. How is Bitcoin mined?

Bitcoin is a Proof-of-Work algorithm-based digital currency, that is why BTC is mineable. Proof of work actually means that transactions are confirmed, and the blocks are generated only if a certain work is done – new coins are issued only when one has managed to find the hash and create a new valid block. Every new block is generated approximately once every ten minutes. The Bitcoin code is written in such a way that, depending on the computing power in the network, the difficulty of the hash varies. In other words, the more powerful the miners are, the more difficult it is for them to find the hash. That is how the system maintains the balance between the available computing power and the complexity of the calculations. It does not matter whether only several personal computers are engaged in Bitcoin mining (as it was in 2009) or huge industrial mining farms (as it is happening today) – it will always take approximately ten minutes to generate every new block.

So, when miners do their calculations successfully and manage to find the hash, they are rewarded. This reward used to be as huge as 50 BTC. However, back then the number of coins was not actually a significant fortune. According to the Bitcoin code, this reward decreases by half every 210 thousand blocks. Since each block of Bitcoin is generated in about 10 minutes, it takes about four years to get 210 thousand blocks. So, every four years the reward is reduced by half. In 2012, there was the first reduction from 50 BTC to 25. The next reduction took place in 2016. Today miners get 12.5 Bitcoins for each generated block.

3. How many Bitcoins can be mined and what’s the time period for that?

It is only possible to mine a total of 21 million BTC. This maximum amount of cryptocurrency is provided by its programming code. First of all, this limitation is designed to prevent inflation and preserve the value of Bitcoin. Actually, those things are usually valuable, that have a limited supply, and if Bitcoin had an unlimited emission, like Ethereum and some other virtual currencies, it would have been potentially subject to inflation. As of mid-October 2018, according to coinmarketcap, the number of BTC coins in circulation reached 17,332,325, which means that only a bit more than 3.5 million coins remain to be mined. It would seem not a big deal – almost all Bitcoins have already been mined! But truth is, it will take more than a century to mine the remaining coins!

So, let’s see how long will it take for miners to get all Bitcoins. To calculate this, we should make several mathematical operations. Of course, these operations are not as complicated as those required to find Bitcoin hash. The computing power of your calculator will be enough! So that is what we have:

The reward is reduced by half every 210 thousand blocks (approximately once every four years). Accordingly, the number of coins issued will decrease every four years. So, 10.5 million BTC was issued during the first “four-year cycle”, when the reward for each block was 50 BTC. Then the number of coins is reduced by half with each cycle. According to this formula, the very last BTC will be mined about the year 2140! Interestingly, in the first seven “four-year cycles”, miners will extract 99% of the coins, and it will take more than a century to get the remaining 1%.

4. Types of Bitcoin mining

About ten years ago, when the first peer-to-peer decentralized payment system with a cryptographically protected digital cash (yep, it’s all about Bitcoin) was launched, there was only one, or perhaps several miners, in the network. Probably it was an ordinary PC or laptop owned by Satoshi Nakamoto – the mysterious Bitcoin developer – and maybe some other PCs owned by those involved in the development of Bitcoin. So initially users were able to mine Bitcoin using their own devices. The computing power of their processors was enough to perform necessary calculations and find Bitcoin hash. This type of mining was called CPU-mining. However, with the growing popularity of Bitcoin, more and more people joined the system, the load and difficulty increased, and eventually, it became clear that even the most powerful PC had not enough power to mine Bitcoin effectively. A casual user with his laptop was left behind. And the reason is that a probability of getting a reward is equal to the ratio of your individual computing power to the power of the entire network. So a new solution was found – users started mining Bitcoins using the computing power of video cards. That new type of mining was called GPU-mining. Several video cards were connected to a computer and the entire powerful device used special software to mine BTC. Today, a number of cryptocurrencies can still be mined using processors or video cards, but this is not working out with Bitcoin. To be able to find Bitcoin has users should make really complex calculations and special high-performance devices are required. These are ASIC-miners – a special equipment with high computing power and price.

Today users who have special equipment for BTC mining combine their computing power in special mining pools. Pools are groups of miners who use their computing power together and jointly perform the operations necessary to obtain Bitcoin hash. The probability of getting a reward is much higher than if users mine the cryptocurrency solely. This reward is then distributed in proportion to the computing power “invested” by each individual miner.

Moreover, cloud mining is also relatively popular. This, in fact, means that a user simply rents computing power from owners of large mining farms, who are often the manufacturers of mining equipment. Despite the fact that today this type of mining is gradually becoming less attractive, it still has its advantages – users do not need to buy equipment, place it, set up, maintain its operation, update hardware, pay for electricity, etc.

5. Prospects of Bitcoin mining

Many believe that the mining era is almost over and there are some reasons for this. After all, as we have already figured out, even the cryptocurrency code itself provides a reduction of the reward. If Bitcoin rate does not increase significantly, nobody will be interested in running expensive mining equipment and earning a couple of thousand satoshi (1 satoshi is 0.00000001 BTC).

Today mining is a fairly centralized industry with and it is rather difficult for beginners to join it. Especially for those who do not have a lot of money. Even owners of huge industrial mining farms experience some problems. For example, some of them realize that the equipment they used in 2017 cannot provide the same profitability in 2018. Today BTC mining is largely controlled by mining pools one hand and owners of huge industrial mining farms on the other and this tendency for mining to become more centralized is likely here to stay.

6. Conclusion

So, Bitcoin mining is not a “gold rush” anymore. The increased difficulty made it way more centralized and way less available for casual users. Today, mining still provides big profit for those who own huge mining farms or at least some high-performance equipment. The Bitcoin rate is far from the historical maximum, but nevertheless, it remains quite significant, and most importantly, according to many experts, has prospects for an even greater increase. However, today it is practically impossible to make money on mining without big preliminary investments. Mining prospects depend on the rate of cryptocurrency, and on the other hand, are also predetermined by the Bitcoin programming code itself. However, this predetermination can be defined differently. Yes, the reward is reduced every four years, so mining can become less appealing in the future. But this reduction can be compensated if Bitcoin price increases. Anyway, today many crypto enthusiasts consider other mining options. Sometimes it is easier to mine other coins, and then, if desired, exchange them for Bitcoin. One thing is clear – the mining industry has been changing, and the time will tell,  what will happen to it in the medium term.

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