Fifth-Generation Networks Cause Revolution in Many Industries
Fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks promise to revolutionize many industries, from transportation to healthcare in the future. Car developers expect high-speed mobile communications to drive unmanned vehicles. Surgeons already perform remote medical manipulations using 5G networks, where data is transmitted almost without delay. Enterprises plan to use 5G to automate production, introduce robots and machine learning systems. All this is probably waiting for us in the future, but for now, 5G technology is at the beginning of its implementation. Analysts at Sanford C. Bernstein think that 5G support on the mobile phone is nothing more than a marketing ploy for ordinary users. Smartphones compatible with the advanced communication standard are more expensive but do not give any practical advantages compared with the latest 4G models. The latter has a download speed significantly higher than that required to view streaming video in high resolution. Korea was the first to launch commercial 5G networks and the users` enthusiasm surpassed all expectations. The number of 5G service subscribers in the country has exceeded one million in just 69 days since the launch of the new standard. For comparison, in the case of 4G, it took 80 days to achieve the same result. China`s third-largest mobile operator China Telecom predicts that the number of users of 5G smartphones in China will reach 170 million in 2020 and 60 million of them will be China Telecom subscribers. According to OpenSignal, commercial use of 5G had begun in 12 countries by September 2019 (USA, South Korea, Australia, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates, Finland, Kuwait, Italy, Germany, Romania, Spain, and the United Kingdom), and this list is still rapidly expanding.