The Israeli company Aleph Farms, together with the Russian private 3D laboratory Bioprinting Solutions, completed successful experiments at the International Space Station: Russian bioprinter collected the muscle cells of the cow in a small piece of meat, the size is not mentioned.
The Russian laboratory plans to continue the project, next time scientists intend to print the tissue of fish and rabbit. The experiment has a double goal: to make food production on Earth more environmentally friendly and to provide food for those who leave the planet.
The Israeli company announced the first successful experiment carried on Earth in December 2018: the cost of a small piece of artificial beef was $50. Though taste “needs to be improved” – the company said.
Aleph Farms divides cells from live cows, grows them in an artificial nutrient environment in laboratory conditions, and then collects them in structures similar to ordinary meat. The company calls its product “meat without killing”.
Details of how it is possible to grow muscle cells in sufficient quantities are not disclosed. In a process of growing cells in an artificial environment in biomedical research, they add calf blood serum, which is the source of the necessary growth factors. Growing cells in an artificial environment are impossible without calf blood.
The purpose of the space experiment is to show that food can be produced without access to the land and water resources of the planet, and it is possible to produce food in an environmentally friendly way and at the same time to make it more accessible for those in need of food.