On April 16th, members of the State Duma approved the third (final) reading of a draft law that aims to isolate the Russian internet segment. As the members of the State Duma claim, the bill is designed for safety and sustainability of the Runet.
307 deputies (68.2%) voted for the adoption of the law, 68 officials (15.1%) voted against the initiative. The bill will be submitted for Vladimir Putin’s, the president of the Russian Federation, signature after Federation Council’s consideration. The regulation will come into force on November 1, 2019. However, the provisions concerning cryptographic protection of information and concerning the national domain name system will take effect on January 1, 2021.
The Internet Isolation Bill implies the creation of a Russian system that controls traffic route. Roskomnadzor will deal with the detection of external threats and monitor the work of providers. Meanwhile, the latter will be obliged to block access to applications prohibited in the country, for example, the Telegram messenger. For refusal to cooperate with Roskomnadzor, telecom operators will be disconnected from the network.
More than 30 billion rubles will be spent on the implementation of the new rules. This money will be directed to:
- purchase of equipment (20.8 billion);
- Internet traffic data collection (4.5 billion);
- creation of software and devices for network monitoring, as well as for data collection and storage (5.5 billion).
The budget of the bill was approved before the adoption of the regulation – December 25, 2018. Therefore, many Internet users have already concluded that the fate of the Runet was predetermined even before the vote in the State Duma.
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