5G Internet: How Will Our Life Change After Its Introduction?
The speed of evolution of various technologies increases exponentially every year, that is, in geometric progression. For example, the technology of mobile communication appeared only some 35 years ago and a huge number of changes have occurred in this area over the years. It has long been offering much more than just calls and text messaging (by the way, SMS were not available on 1G networks). It is worth noting that every ten years, the data transfer rate increases several times. Now we are at the turn of the new decade, which means that next year we will see the next generation of mobile networks - 5G. In this article, we will tell you in detail all the most important things you need to know about this technology.
The history of mobile networks developmentThe 1G networks, from which everything actually began, were analog, they were first launched back in 1984. The data transfer rate was so insignificant that they did not even provide data transfer functions, 1G focused exclusively on making voice calls. After that, the function of the Internet connection was still implemented, but it was not very popular among consumers. And all the matter was at a very high cost and terrible quality of the connection. A real “digital boom” happened in the 90s of the last century. Updated 2G networks brought with them the revolutionary technology - text SMS messages transfer. It is worth noting that at that time, Europe and the United States did not come to a common opinion and decided to develop different protocols. Europeans promoted GSM, while in the USA they bet on D-AMPS (which never got accustomed). 2G networks for the first time demonstrated high-grade wireless data transfer at a speed of 14 kbit/s. It is worth noting that at the time, this seemed to be an incredible achievement. In 1997, GPRS technology was launched, which allowed transmitting data at speeds up to 100 kbits/s. GPRS has become faster than the very popular modem CDS at that time. At this time, many people actively used e-mail, so the new generation of mobile networks has gained immense popularity among users in both Europe and the USA. In fact, GPRS can be called a 2.5G mobile network, since it was an intermediate link between 2G and 3G. In the early 2000s, the world saw the first really fast wireless mobile Internet - 3G. Its speed reached 3 Mbit/s and it was another qualitative increase in the quality of the Internet connection. The main feature of third-generation networks was the ability to simultaneously transmit/receive digital data and make channel connections. In simple words, it means that users have the opportunity to talk on the phone and not lose the Internet connection at the same time. By the way, there was no such function in 2G networks. The next generation of mobile networks - 4G was first introduced in 2010 in the USA. It is worth noting that they are actively used by mobile operators to this day. The fourth generation of communication is based on IP-protocol, which combines individual network segments into a single global network, it provides the ability to exchange data between any of its nodes. The data transfer rate can reach 200-300 Mbit/s. In addition, it is worth noting that 4G, unlike previous generation networks, does not use a separate communication channel for voice transmission, they work exclusively with digital data. This means that there is no longer any need for classic mobile communications and, of course, Internet telephony is the future.
What are the networks of the fifth generation?The next generation of mobile networks - 5G, the commercial introduction of which will start next year, should bring with them a huge amount of technologies that are not yet available:
- smart cities;
- virtual and augmented reality;
- full autopilot;
- Internet of Things;
- Full autopilot. A delay of even 10 milliseconds on the road (as in 4G) is an impermissible luxury that can lead to a sad consequence. The elimination of this life-threatening signal delay will allow using this technology safely.
- Industry. In recent years, various industrial enterprises are increasingly using industrial robots. The new communication standard will increase their speed and unify the infrastructure.
- Agriculture. With the help of facilities that provide 5G networks, it will be possible to control agricultural equipment without problems, monitor fields, etc.
- Education. The networks of the fifth generation will allow to fully switch to the visual method of teaching, with the help of virtual and augmented reality.
- Telemedicine. With the help of advanced medical robots and high-speed digital data transfer, remote operations can be performed.
- Communication. The development of interactive virtual reality, that is, people will be able to communicate at a distance as if they are in the same room.
- Entertainment. Using the networks of the fifth generation, users can consume 360 degrees content (with the effect of presence), in high resolution (8K), in real time.
- Computer games. Games with a resolution of 8K and FPS 120 will become a reality due to 5G.